First Climate   |   2011
Type: Research Report
Topic: Environment/Climate
Country: Ghana
Fuel wood and charcoal meet approximately 75% of Ghana’s fuel requirements. Approximately 69% of all urban households in Ghana use charcoal. The annual per capita consumption is approximately 180 kg; the total annual consumption is about 700,000 tonnes. Accra and Kumasi, the two largest cities in Ghana, account for 57% of all charcoal consumed in the country. The demand for wood puts Ghana’s forests under tremendous pressure and has severe consequences for the ecosystem as a whole. Air pollution from cooking with solid fuel is a key risk factor in childhood acute lower respiratory infections (for example, pneumonia), as well as in many other respiratory, cardiovascular and ocular diseases. In Ghana, exposure to indoor air pollution is responsible for the annual loss of 502,000 disabilityadjusted life-years (DALY). The DALY is a standard metric used by the World Health Organization (WHO) to indicate the burden of death and illness due to a speci c risk factor. The WHO also estimates that exposure to indoor air pollution is responsible for 16,600 deaths per year in Ghana.