ITC - Intermediate Technology Consultants   |   2003
Type: Research Report
Topic: Health
Country: Rwanda
briquetted logs is now a major source of energy in Europe and North America. Sweden, a leading country on the production of pellets, utilises in excess of 1 million tonnes per year. The spread in popularity of biomass-derived fuels is entirely due to the huge environmental and local economic benefits. These have been made possible by advances in technology and higher fossil fuel prices resulting from increasing levels of taxation on Carbon Emissions. In contrast, the production and use of briquetted fuels in developing countries over the past 20 years have been disappointing. Many projects set up in the 1980s in Asia and Africa have failed, mostly because of poor planning, unrealistic expectations in results and failure to target production towards appropriate markets. Many of the lessons learnt now appear simple and obvious but at the time, unrealistic expectations to achieve national impacts often enticed planners to neglect the basic commercialisation parameters including Price, Performance, People, Product and Place considered as the 5 Business Planning ‘Ps’. This study aims to assess the socio-economic risks and the overall sustainability of manufacturing fuels from Municipal Solid Waste (MSW) in Rwanda and to determine the likely economic, social and environmental impacts.