Life Cycle Assessment of Cookstove Fuels in India and China
Type: Research Report
Country: India, China
The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (U.S. EPA) conducted research to provide data and tools that inform decisions regarding clean cookstoves and fuels for China and India. A life cycle assessment (LCA) was conducted to compare the environmental footprint of current and possible fuels used for cooking in these two countries. This report provides the life-cycle inventory (LCI) environmental tradeoffs for cooking fuels. The fuels evaluated include natural gas; liquefied petroleum gas (LPG); coal; kerosene; biomass (crop residue, dung, charcoal, firewood, wood pellets); biogas; sugarcane ethanol; and dimethyl ether (DME). The study also assessed electric stoves that utilize a diverse set of fuel types upstream. Current fuel mix profiles are compared to scenarios of projected differences in and/or cleaner cooking fuels.
A complementary report was developed by the Alliance focusing on additional cooking fuels, indicators, and countries and can be viewed here under the Resources tab.