Exposure to smoke from traditional cookstoves and open fires – the primary means of cooking and heating for nearly three billion people in the developing world – causes more than 4 million premature deaths, including more than 83,000 deaths in Nigeria, every year. Nigeria experiences the highest number of smoke-related deaths in Africa, and after Malaria and HIV/AIDS it is the biggest killer.

Smoke exposure contributes to a range of chronic illnesses and acute health impacts such as early childhood pneumonia, emphysema, cataracts, lung cancer, bronchitis, cardiovascular disease, and low birth weight. Women and young children are the most affected, with more than 27,000 children in Nigeria dying every year as a result of acute lower respiratory infections, including pneumonias, caused by the use of solid fuels.

Seventy-five percent of Nigeria’s population relies on solid fuel for their household cooking and heating needs. Reliance on biomass for cooking increases pressure on local natural resources, leading to environmental degradation, and forces women and children to spend many hours each week collecting wood. Inefficient cooking also contributes to climate change through emissions of greenhouse gases such as carbon dioxide and methane, and aerosols such as black carbon.


Clean Cooking Can Help

The use of cleaner and more efficient cookstoves and fuels can dramatically reduce exposure to harmful smoke, provide myriad economic opportunities for Nigerians, and has important environmental and climate benefits. More efficient stoves and cleaner fuels also reduce the time people—usually women and girls—spend collecting fuel, freeing up time for income generating activities or schoolwork. 



Despite a challenging environment, Nigeria continues to see progress in supporting a more robust clean cooking sector, here are some of the accomplishments and activities so far:

  • Nigerian enterprises have received both targeted funding support through Alliance enterprise development funds such as the Catalytic Small Grant, Spark and Women’s Empowerment Funds, and are accessing investment and financing opportunities as a result of Alliance partnerships-brokering with microfinance institutions.
  • A National Testing Center to test cookstoves and fuels has been developed through Alliance efforts
  • In partnership with the Nigerian Alliance for Clean Cookstoves, the Alliance is working to bring in new partners to further strengthen and support the distribution and marketing needs of the market.
  • The Alliance has been in active discussions with the Ministry of Environment to support government incentives to increase the use of clean fuels such as LPG and ethanol for cooking
  • Awarded a grant from its Clean Cooking BCC Fund to carry out a large-scale behavior change communication intervention to motivate women in Nigeria to switch from kerosene to LPG for cooking.
  • In addition, Nigerian Senate President and Alliance Leadership Council member Abubakar Bukola Saraki convened a meeting of sector stakeholders in October 2015 and announced plans to pursue legislation to expand access to clean cooking energy in the country
  • A program to reduce dependency on firewood has been launched in Katsina State in partnership with the European Union, Oxfam, the International Center for Energy, Environment and Development, and the Alliance. The joint program provides support to women-owned enterprises and conducts business development training for local entrepreneurs on the production and marketing of a more consumer-friendly, fuel-efficient stove.
Country Statistics
Population using solid fuels for cooking - 75%
Number of people affected by HAP - 136,650,000
Number of deaths per year from HAP - 128,500
12-1: Cookstoves and Child Survival
Household Air Pollution from Burning Biomass: Implications for Maternal Health and Pregnancy Outcome
University of Chicago Dr. Christopher Olusola (Sola) Olopade
2012 - Nigeria
12-3: Enhancing Capacity of Regional Testing and Knowledge Centers
Support to the Clean Cookstoves Development and Testing Center, Afikpo, Ebonyi State
Energy Commission of Nigeria
2012 - Nigeria
Support for a Laboratory Emissions Monitoring System at the University of Nigeria, Nsukka
University of Nigeria, Nsukka
2014 - Nigeria
12-6: Pilot Facility
Empowering Women of Nigeria with Economic Opportunity and Access to Clean Cookstoves
Solar Sister, Inc.
2012 - Nigeria
13-4: Spark Fund: Round II
Spark Fund, Round II: Small and Medium Entrepreneurship Fundamentals
Small and Medium Entrepreneurship Fundamentals
2014 - Nigeria
13-6 Women’s Empowerment Fund
WEF Grant: Envirofit International
Envirofit International
2014 - Nigeria
16-2: BCC Fund
Clean Cooking BCC Fund - McCann Global Health
McCann-Erickson USA, Inc.
2016 - Nigeria
Gender and Humanitarian Grants
Sponsorship of ICEED International Women's Day Event
International Centre for Energy, Environment and Development
2015 - Nigeria
National Alliances
Support for the Nigerian Alliance for Clean Cookstoves
International Centre for Energy, Environment and Development
2013 - Nigeria
2015 Support for the Nigerian Alliance for Clean Cookstoves- Katsina Pilot Project
International Centre for Energy, Environment and Development
2015 - Nigeria
Research and Evaluation Grants
Household Air Pollution from Burning Biomass: Implications for Maternal Health and Pregnancy Outcome
University of Chicago
2014 - Nigeria
Household Air Pollution for Burning Biomass: Implications for Maternal Health and Pregnancy Outcome
University of Chicago
2015 - Nigeria
Market Manager

Arijit Basu
Regional Director, Sub-Saharan Africa & South Asia