Overview

Exposure to smoke from traditional cookstoves and open fires – the primary means of cooking for nearly three billion people in the developing world – causes nearly 4 million premature deaths each year, including 18,000 deaths in Ghana, every year.

Exposure to smoke from cooking contributes to a range of chronic illnesses and acute health impacts such as early childhood pneumonia, emphysema, cataracts, lung cancer, bronchitis, cardiovascular disease, and low birth weight. Women and young children are the most affected, with more than 2,200 children in Ghana dying every year as a result of acute lower respiratory infections caused by the use of solid fuels.

More than 80 percent of Ghana’s population relies on solid fuels for their household cooking needs. Reliance on biomass increases pressure on local natural resources, leading to environmental degradation, and forces women and children to spend many hours each week collecting wood. Inefficient cooking also contributes to climate change through emissions of greenhouse gases such as carbon dioxide and methane, and aerosols such as black carbon.

 

Clean Cooking Can Help

The use of clean, safe, and efficient cookstoves can dramatically reduce fuel consumption and exposure to harmful smoke, can provide myriad economic opportunities for Ghanaians, and can provide many environmental and climate benefits. More efficient stoves also reduce the time people, usually women and girls, need to spend collecting fuel, allowing greater time to devote to income generating activities or schoolwork. 

 

Progress

Ghana has seen steady advancement in transforming the cookstoves and fuels sector in the past five years, here are some of the accomplishments and activities so far:

  • Partnering with Ghana Alliance for Clean Cookstoves (GHACCO), to improve the locally produced Gyapa-style cookstove through a variety of innovations to further increase efficiency and reduce emissions
  • Supporting enterprise development through the Alliance Spark Fund, foster investment-ready entrepreneurs through capacity building and the Alliance’s Catalytic Small Grants Facility
  • Ghana’s Petroleum Minister launched a program to provide households with cooking gas connections, so far the program has distributed 70,000 LPG cylinders to families across six regions.
  • Partnering with World Education International and the Ministry of Education to launch a project to teach students the benefits of clean cookstoves and fuels.
  • Working with an international coalition to integrate household air pollution into the air quality management program for Accra, Ghana’s capital.
  • Partnering with the Ministry of Petroleum, National Petroleum Authority, and Global LPG Partnership to develop and implement a new cylinder re-circulation LPG policy
  • Partnering with Energy Commission and Ghana Standards Authority to help develop local standards, labeling, and modern testing centers
Country Statistics
Population using solid fuels for cooking - 83%
Number of people affected by HAP - 22,750,000
Number of deaths per year from HAP - 18,000
Grants
12-1: Cookstoves and Child Survival
Molecular Methods for Etiologies of Pneumonia in the Ghana Biomass Stove Study
Columbia University Dr. Darby Jack
2012 - Ghana
12-3: Enhancing Capacity of Regional Testing and Knowledge Centers
Support to the Council for Scientific and Industrial Research-Institute of Industrial Research
CSIR- Institute of Industrial Research
2012 - Ghana
12-7: Spark Fund
Gyapa Fuel-Efficient Stoves
Relief International
2012 - Ghana
14-1: Enhancing Capacity of Regional Testing and Knowledge Centers
2015 Support to the Council for Scientific and Industrial Research - Institute of Industrial Research, Ghana
CSIR - Institute of Industrial Research
2015 - Ghana
14-2 Catalytic Small Grant Fund
Catalytic Small Grant Fund: Ghana Cylinder Manufacturing Company Limited
Ghana Cylinder Manufacturing Company Limited
2014 - Ghana
Catalytic Small Grant Fund: Man and Man Enterprise Limited
Man and Man Enterprise Limited
2014 - Ghana
Catalytic Small Grant Fund: Montals Engineering Enterprise
Montals Engineering Enterprise
2014 - Ghana
Catalytic Small Grant Fund: Toyola Energy Limited
Toyola Energy Limited
2014 - Ghana
Catalytic Small Grant Fund: Cookclean Ghana Limited
Cookclean Ghana Limited
2014 - Ghana
15-4: Clean Cooking And Non-Communicable Diseases (NCDs)
Household Air Pollution and Adult Respiratory Health: Evidence from GRAPHS
Kintampo Health Research Centre (KHRC)
2016 - Ghana
16-4: WEF Round 3
Women's Empowerment Fund: Burro
Burro, LLC
2016 - Ghana
Gender and Humanitarian Grants
Pilot to Develop and Implement Cooking Energy Program
Ghana Girl Guides Association
2014 - Ghana
Curriculum Development & Awareness Pilot for Ghanaian Youth
World Education, Inc
2015 - Ghana
Advocacy Workshop with Ghana Girl Guides Association
Women Thrive Worldwide
2015 - Ghana
Phase 2 Cooking Energy Program with Ghana Girl Guides Association
Ghana Girl Guides Association
2015 - Ghana
Phase 2 Curriculum Development & Awareness Pilot for Ghanaian Youth
World Education, Inc
2016 - Ghana
National Alliances
Support for the Ghana Alliance for Clean Cookstoves
Ghana Alliance for Clean Cookstoves
2013 - Ghana
2015 Support for the Ghana Alliance for Clean Cookstoves (GhACCo)
Ghana Alliance for Clean Cook Stoves
2015 - Ghana
Research and Evaluation Grants
Ghana Randomized Air Pollution and Health Study (GRAPHS)
Kintampo Health Research Centre (KHRC)
2014 - Ghana
Cookstove Labeling in Ghana
Energy Commission Ghana
2016 - Ghana
Champions
Ambassadors
Market Manager



Kwesi Sarpong
Regional Market Manager
Ghana
ghana@cleancookstoves.org

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