There are multiple factors that determine the health, environmental, economic, and climate impacts from cooking on a country’s inhabitants. While some countries have access to clean cooking technologies and fuels, others are more dependent on the use of solid fuels, rudimentary cookstoves, and open fires for their household cooking needs. The Alliance has gathered information from a number of sources to provide a snapshot of a range of factors including: overview of access to clean cookstoves and fuels, demographic and household data, adoption indicators, economic statistics, and other pertinent health and gender resources.

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General Info

RegionLatin America and Caribbean
CountryCosta Rica
Population 4,805,295
GDP per capita (USD) $ 9,386.30
Income per day (USD) $ 25.72
Urban Population65%
Rural Population35%
Average Household Size4


Percentage of population using solid fuels for cooking6%
Number of people affected by HAP288,318
Number of households affected by HAP72,079
Number of deaths per year from HAP 226
Number of child deaths per year from HAP 5
Urban population using solid fuelsno data
Rural population using solid fuelsno data
Population using wood for cooking0.0%
Population using dung for cooking0.0%
Population using charcoal for cooking12.6%
Population using coal for cooking0.0%
Population using kerosene for cooking0.0%
Population using gas for cooking33.6%
Population using electricity for cooking52.7%
Population using other fuels for cooking1.1%

Cookstoves by Comparison

Percentage with access to electricity
Percentage with access to improved water96%
Percentage with access to improved sanitation94%
Diarrhea deaths per year100
Deaths per year from outdoor air pollution200
Deaths per year from malaria0
Deaths per year from tuberculosis100
Deaths per year from HIV/AIDS100
Annual PM10[mg/m3]*27


Existence and success of businesses/social enterpriseslow
Infrasturcture strength score3.62
Prevailance of lending institutions
Number of borrowers
Penetration of credit unions20.13%
Ease of doing business score*109
Starting business score126
Getting credit score82
Protecting investors score169
Trading across borders score42


Existence and success of businesses/social enterpriseslow
Overall womens empowerment indicator* score
Economic participation and opportunity*0.5787
Educational attainment score*0.9954
Health and survival*0.9747
Political empowerment score*0.3287
Percentage of girls in primary school
Literacy rate of women96%

Energy & Environment

Existence and success of businesses/social enterpriseslow
Environmental problems
Environmental considerations
Carbon dioxide emissions6.82