There are multiple factors that determine the health, environmental, economic, and climate impacts from cooking on a country’s inhabitants. While some countries have access to clean cooking technologies and fuels, others are more dependent on the use of solid fuels, rudimentary cookstoves, and open fires for their household cooking needs. The Alliance has gathered information from a number of sources to provide a snapshot of a range of factors including: overview of access to clean cookstoves and fuels, demographic and household data, adoption indicators, economic statistics, and other pertinent health and gender resources.

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General Info

RegionLatin America and Caribbean
Population 47,704,427
GDP per capita (USD) $ 7,747.84
Income per day (USD) $ 21.23
Urban Population76%
Rural Population24%
Average Household Size4


Percentage of population using solid fuels for cooking15%
Number of people affected by HAP7,155,664
Number of households affected by HAP1,854,772
Number of deaths per year from HAP 7,502
Number of child deaths per year from HAP 500
Urban population using solid fuels<5%
Rural population using solid fuels52.6%
Population using wood for cooking14.8%
Population using dung for cooking0.0%
Population using charcoal for cooking0.0%
Population using coal for cooking0.4%
Population using kerosene for cooking0.8%
Population using gas for cooking74.5%
Population using electricity for cooking7.2%
Population using other fuels for cooking2.3%

Cookstoves by Comparison

Percentage with access to electricity
Percentage with access to improved water93%
Percentage with access to improved sanitation78%
Diarrhea deaths per year2,100
Deaths per year from outdoor air pollution2,600
Deaths per year from malaria400
Deaths per year from tuberculosis3,100
Deaths per year from HIV/AIDS5,600
Annual PM10[mg/m3]*19


Existence and success of businesses/social enterpriseslow
Infrasturcture strength score3.59
Prevailance of lending institutions
Number of borrowers
Penetration of credit unions7.46%
Ease of doing business score*42
Starting business score74
Getting credit score71
Protecting investors score6
Trading across borders score93


Existence and success of businesses/social enterpriseslow
Overall womens empowerment indicator* score
Economic participation and opportunity*0.6941
Educational attainment score*0.9956
Health and survival*0.9791
Political empowerment score*0.1018
Percentage of girls in primary school
Literacy rate of women94%

Energy & Environment

Existence and success of businesses/social enterpriseslow
Environmental problems
Environmental considerations
Carbon dioxide emissions7.48