There are multiple factors that determine the health, environmental, economic, and climate impacts from cooking on a country’s inhabitants. While some countries have access to clean cooking technologies and fuels, others are more dependent on the use of solid fuels, rudimentary cookstoves, and open fires for their household cooking needs. The Alliance has gathered information from a number of sources to provide a snapshot of a range of factors including: overview of access to clean cookstoves and fuels, demographic and household data, adoption indicators, economic statistics, and other pertinent health and gender resources.

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General Info

RegionLatin America and Caribbean
Population 198,656,019
GDP per capita (USD) $ 11,339.52
Income per day (USD) $ 31.07
Urban Population85%
Rural Population15%
Average Household Size4


Percentage of population using solid fuels for cooking6%
Number of people affected by HAP11,919,361
Number of households affected by HAP3,136,674
Number of deaths per year from HAP 21,350
Number of child deaths per year from HAP 548
Urban population using solid fuels<5%
Rural population using solid fuels39.6%
Population using wood for cooking10.2%
Population using dung for cooking0.0%
Population using charcoal for cooking0.4%
Population using coal for cooking1.8%
Population using kerosene for cooking0.0%
Population using gas for cooking86.7%
Population using electricity for cooking0.5%
Population using other fuels for cooking0.4%

Cookstoves by Comparison

Percentage with access to electricity
Percentage with access to improved water97%
Percentage with access to improved sanitation81%
Diarrhea deaths per year25,100
Deaths per year from outdoor air pollution13,600
Deaths per year from malaria1,000
Deaths per year from tuberculosis13,200
Deaths per year from HIV/AIDS16,900
Annual PM10[mg/m3]*18


Existence and success of businesses/social enterprisesmedium
Infrasturcture strength score4.02
Prevailance of lending institutions23
Number of borrowers915,000
Penetration of credit unions2.87%
Ease of doing business score*118
Starting business score121
Getting credit score105
Protecting investors score80
Trading across borders score124


Existence and success of businesses/social enterprisesmedium
Overall womens empowerment indicator* score
Economic participation and opportunity*0.6431
Educational attainment score*0.9904
Health and survival*0.9796
Political empowerment score*0.0488
Percentage of girls in primary school
Literacy rate of women91%

Energy & Environment

Existence and success of businesses/social enterprisesmedium
Environmental problemsdeforestation (#7 for fuelwood use globally), loss of biodiversity, endangered species, water pollution
Environmental considerationsold growth forests (Amazon rainforest), fuelwood deficit
Carbon dioxide emissions1.94