There are multiple factors that determine the health, environmental, economic, and climate impacts from cooking on a country’s inhabitants. While some countries have access to clean cooking technologies and fuels, others are more dependent on the use of solid fuels, rudimentary cookstoves, and open fires for their household cooking needs. The Alliance has gathered information from a number of sources to provide a snapshot of a range of factors including: overview of access to clean cookstoves and fuels, demographic and household data, adoption indicators, economic statistics, and other pertinent health and gender resources.

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General Info

RegionLatin America and Caribbean
Population 10,496,285
GDP per capita (USD) $ 2,575.68
Income per day (USD) $ 7.06
Urban Population67%
Rural Population33%
Average Household Size4


Percentage of population using solid fuels for cooking25%
Number of people affected by HAP2,624,071
Number of households affected by HAP624,779
Number of deaths per year from HAP 2,892
Number of child deaths per year from HAP 907
Urban population using solid fuels6.0%
Rural population using solid fuels75.4%
Population using wood for cooking28.7%
Population using dung for cooking0.0%
Population using charcoal for cooking0.0%
Population using coal for cooking0.0%
Population using kerosene for cooking0.0%
Population using gas for cooking68.0%
Population using electricity for cooking0.7%
Population using other fuels for cooking2.6%

Cookstoves by Comparison

Percentage with access to electricity
Percentage with access to improved water88%
Percentage with access to improved sanitation46%
Diarrhea deaths per year3,400
Deaths per year from outdoor air pollution1,000
Deaths per year from malaria0
Deaths per year from tuberculosis2,900
Deaths per year from HIV/AIDS400
Annual PM10[mg/m3]*57


Existence and success of businesses/social enterpriseslow
Infrasturcture strength score3.04
Prevailance of lending institutions
Number of borrowers
Penetration of credit unions7.95%
Ease of doing business score*158
Starting business score178
Getting credit score126
Protecting investors score137
Trading across borders score120


Existence and success of businesses/social enterpriseslow
Overall womens empowerment indicator* score
Economic participation and opportunity*0.5957
Educational attainment score*0.9592
Health and survival*0.9719
Political empowerment score*0.1735
Percentage of girls in primary school
Literacy rate of women87%

Energy & Environment

Existence and success of businesses/social enterpriseslow
Environmental problems
Environmental considerations
Carbon dioxide emissions1.37