There are multiple factors that determine the health, environmental, economic, and climate impacts from cooking on a country’s inhabitants. While some countries have access to clean cooking technologies and fuels, others are more dependent on the use of solid fuels, rudimentary cookstoves, and open fires for their household cooking needs. The Alliance has gathered information from a number of sources to provide a snapshot of a range of factors including: overview of access to clean cookstoves and fuels, demographic and household data, adoption indicators, economic statistics, and other pertinent health and gender resources.

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General Info

RegionSub-Saharan Africa
Population 12,448,175
GDP per capita (USD) $ 1,035.26
Income per day (USD) $ 2.84
Urban Population22%
Rural Population78%
Average Household Size5


Percentage of population using solid fuels for cooking93%
Number of people affected by HAP11,576,803
Number of households affected by HAP2,269,961
Number of deaths per year from HAP 10,887
Number of child deaths per year from HAP 7,910
Urban population using solid fuels94.5%
Rural population using solid fuels>95%
Population using wood for cooking70.8%
Population using dung for cooking0.1%
Population using charcoal for cooking15.4%
Population using coal for cooking4.9%
Population using kerosene for cooking0.3%
Population using gas for cooking1.5%
Population using electricity for cooking0.7%
Population using other fuels for cooking6.3%

Cookstoves by Comparison

Percentage with access to electricity
Percentage with access to improved water50%
Percentage with access to improved sanitation12%
Diarrhea deaths per year14,300
Deaths per year from outdoor air pollution800
Deaths per year from malaria16,700
Deaths per year from tuberculosis5,600
Deaths per year from HIV/AIDS11,100
Annual PM10[mg/m3]*83


Existence and success of businesses/social enterpriseslow
Infrasturcture strength score1.83
Prevailance of lending institutions3
Number of borrowers18,000
Penetration of credit unionsno data
Ease of doing business score*189
Starting business score184
Getting credit score126
Protecting investors score156
Trading across borders score178


Existence and success of businesses/social enterpriseslow
Overall womens empowerment indicator* score
Economic participation and opportunity*no data
Educational attainment score*no data
Health and survival*no data
Political empowerment score*no data
Percentage of girls in primary school
Literacy rate of women25%

Energy & Environment

Existence and success of businesses/social enterpriseslow
Environmental problemswater shortages, water pollution, desertification
Environmental considerationsacute fuelwood scarcity
Carbon dioxide emissions0.04