There are multiple factors that determine the health, environmental, economic, and climate impacts from cooking on a country’s inhabitants. While some countries have access to clean cooking technologies and fuels, others are more dependent on the use of solid fuels, rudimentary cookstoves, and open fires for their household cooking needs. The Alliance has gathered information from a number of sources to provide a snapshot of a range of factors including: overview of access to clean cookstoves and fuels, demographic and household data, adoption indicators, economic statistics, and other pertinent health and gender resources.

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General Info

RegionSouth Asia
Population 179,160,111
GDP per capita (USD) $ 1,256.66
Income per day (USD) $ 3.44
Urban Population37%
Rural Population63%
Average Household Size7


Percentage of population using solid fuels for cooking62%
Number of people affected by HAP111,079,269
Number of households affected by HAP16,335,187
Number of deaths per year from HAP 114,806
Number of child deaths per year from HAP 33,673
Urban population using solid fuels30.8%
Rural population using solid fuels90.6%
Population using wood for cooking60.2%
Population using dung for cooking6.9%
Population using charcoal for cooking0.4%
Population using coal for cooking0.0%
Population using kerosene for cooking0.0%
Population using gas for cooking32.1%
Population using electricity for cooking0.2%
Population using other fuels for cooking0.2%

Cookstoves by Comparison

Percentage with access to electricity
Percentage with access to improved water91%
Percentage with access to improved sanitation47%
Diarrhea deaths per year59,200
Deaths per year from outdoor air pollution30,000
Deaths per year from malaria1,600
Deaths per year from tuberculosis62,300
Deaths per year from HIV/AIDS3,100
Annual PM10[mg/m3]*91


Existence and success of businesses/social enterprisesmedium
Infrasturcture strength score2.75
Prevailance of lending institutions28
Number of borrowers926,000
Penetration of credit unionsno data
Ease of doing business score*106
Starting business score99
Getting credit score71
Protecting investors score32
Trading across borders score90


Existence and success of businesses/social enterprisesmedium
Overall womens empowerment indicator* score
Economic participation and opportunity*0.3059
Educational attainment score*0.7698
Health and survival*0.9557
Political empowerment score*0.1545
Percentage of girls in primary school
Literacy rate of women40%

Energy & Environment

Existence and success of businesses/social enterprisesmedium
Environmental problemsdeforestation, desertification, water shortages, water pollution
Environmental considerationsfuelwood deficit
Carbon dioxide emissions0.95