There are multiple factors that determine the health, environmental, economic, and climate impacts from cooking on a country’s inhabitants. While some countries have access to clean cooking technologies and fuels, others are more dependent on the use of solid fuels, rudimentary cookstoves, and open fires for their household cooking needs. The Alliance has gathered information from a number of sources to provide a snapshot of a range of factors including: overview of access to clean cookstoves and fuels, demographic and household data, adoption indicators, economic statistics, and other pertinent health and gender resources.

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General Info

RegionSouth Asia
Population 29,824,536
GDP per capita (USD) $ 687.25
Income per day (USD) $ 1.88
Urban Population24%
Rural Population76%
Average Household Size4


Percentage of population using solid fuels for cooking81%
Number of people affected by HAP24,157,874
Number of households affected by HAP6,438,749
Number of deaths per year from HAP 41,164
Number of child deaths per year from HAP 13,490
Urban population using solid fuels36.1%
Rural population using solid fuels97.1%
Population using wood for cooking57.5%
Population using dung for cooking27.0%
Population using charcoal for cooking0.5%
Population using coal for cooking0.0%
Population using kerosene for cooking0.0%
Population using gas for cooking10.0%
Population using electricity for cooking2.0%
Population using other fuels for cooking3.0%

Cookstoves by Comparison

Percentage with access to electricity
Percentage with access to improved water61%
Percentage with access to improved sanitation29%
Diarrhea deaths per year66,700
Deaths per year from outdoor air pollution400
Deaths per year from malaria100
Deaths per year from tuberculosis10,100
Deaths per year from HIV/AIDS0
Annual PM10[mg/m3]*30


Existence and success of businesses/social enterpriseslow
Infrasturcture strength scoreno data
Prevailance of lending institutions10
Number of borrowers228,000
Penetration of credit unions0.39%
Ease of doing business score*170
Starting business score31
Getting credit score154
Protecting investors score189
Trading across borders score181


Existence and success of businesses/social enterpriseslow
Overall womens empowerment indicator* score
Economic participation and opportunity*no data
Educational attainment score*no data
Health and survival*no data
Political empowerment score*no data
Percentage of girls in primary school
Literacy rate of women

Energy & Environment

Existence and success of businesses/social enterpriseslow
Environmental problemsdeforestation (industry, domestic, and from conflicts), soil erosion, flooding, endangered species, water shortages, urban pollution (lack of waste management)
Environmental considerationsfuelwood deficit
Carbon dioxide emissions0.02