There are multiple factors that determine the health, environmental, economic, and climate impacts from cooking on a country’s inhabitants. While some countries have access to clean cooking technologies and fuels, others are more dependent on the use of solid fuels, rudimentary cookstoves, and open fires for their household cooking needs. The Alliance has gathered information from a number of sources to provide a snapshot of a range of factors including: overview of access to clean cookstoves and fuels, demographic and household data, adoption indicators, economic statistics, and other pertinent health and gender resources.

Please contact us at with any questions.

General Info

RegionEast Asia and Pacific
Population 88,775,500
GDP per capita (USD) $ 1,755.21
Income per day (USD) $ 4.81
Urban Population32%
Rural Population68%
Average Household Size5


Percentage of population using solid fuels for cooking51%
Number of people affected by HAP45,275,505
Number of households affected by HAP9,842,501
Number of deaths per year from HAP 45,502
Number of child deaths per year from HAP 1,574
Urban population using solid fuels20.2%
Rural population using solid fuels72.1%
Population using wood for cooking56.8%
Population using dung for cooking0.0%
Population using charcoal for cooking3.5%
Population using coal for cooking5.2%
Population using kerosene for cooking1.3%
Population using gas for cooking32.3%
Population using electricity for cooking0.4%
Population using other fuels for cooking0.5%

Cookstoves by Comparison

Percentage with access to electricity
Percentage with access to improved water96%
Percentage with access to improved sanitation75%
Diarrhea deaths per year5,900
Deaths per year from outdoor air pollution6,700
Deaths per year from malaria200
Deaths per year from tuberculosis18,300
Deaths per year from HIV/AIDS12,200
Annual PM10[mg/m3]*54


Existence and success of businesses/social enterpriseslow
Infrasturcture strength score3.56
Prevailance of lending institutions11
Number of borrowers6,116,000
Penetration of credit unions2.51%
Ease of doing business score*98
Starting business score107
Getting credit score40
Protecting investors score169
Trading across borders score66


Existence and success of businesses/social enterpriseslow
Overall womens empowerment indicator* score
Economic participation and opportunity*0.7212
Educational attainment score*0.9242
Health and survival*0.9469
Political empowerment score*0.1182
Percentage of girls in primary school
Literacy rate of women91%

Energy & Environment

Existence and success of businesses/social enterpriseslow
Environmental problemssevere deforestation (#5 for fuelwood use globally), desertification, air pollution, water pollution, environmental contamination from use of herbicidal warfare agents during Vietnam War
Environmental considerationsfuelwood deficit
Carbon dioxide emissions1.32