There are multiple factors that determine the health, environmental, economic, and climate impacts from cooking on a country’s inhabitants. While some countries have access to clean cooking technologies and fuels, others are more dependent on the use of solid fuels, rudimentary cookstoves, and open fires for their household cooking needs. The Alliance has gathered information from a number of sources to provide a snapshot of a range of factors including: overview of access to clean cookstoves and fuels, demographic and household data, adoption indicators, economic statistics, and other pertinent health and gender resources.

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General Info

RegionEast Asia and Pacific
Population 104,941
GDP per capita (USD) $ 4,493.72
Income per day (USD) $ 12.31
Urban Population24%
Rural Population76%
Average Household Size5


Percentage of population using solid fuels for cooking45%
Number of people affected by HAP47,223
Number of households affected by HAP10,377
Number of deaths per year from HAP 31
Number of child deaths per year from HAP 1
Urban population using solid fuels9.4%
Rural population using solid fuels50.2%
Population using wood for cooking40.9%
Population using dung for cooking0.0%
Population using charcoal for cooking0.0%
Population using coal for cooking0.0%
Population using kerosene for cooking2.0%
Population using gas for cooking53.6%
Population using electricity for cooking3.5%
Population using other fuels for cooking0.0%

Cookstoves by Comparison

Percentage with access to electricity
Percentage with access to improved water99%
Percentage with access to improved sanitation92%
Diarrhea deaths per yearno data
Deaths per year from outdoor air pollutionno data
Deaths per year from malaria0
Deaths per year from tuberculosis0
Deaths per year from HIV/AIDS0
Annual PM10[mg/m3]*


Existence and success of businesses/social enterprisesmedium
Infrasturcture strength scoreno data
Prevailance of lending institutions
Number of borrowers
Penetration of credit unions5.99%
Ease of doing business score*60
Starting business score34
Getting credit score82
Protecting investors score113
Trading across borders score64


Existence and success of businesses/social enterprisesmedium
Overall womens empowerment indicator* score
Economic participation and opportunity*no data
Educational attainment score*no data
Health and survival*no data
Political empowerment score*no data
Percentage of girls in primary school
Literacy rate of women0%

Energy & Environment

Existence and success of businesses/social enterprisesmedium
Environmental problems
Environmental considerationsglaciers
Carbon dioxide emissions1.39