There are multiple factors that determine the health, environmental, economic, and climate impacts from cooking on a country’s inhabitants. While some countries have access to clean cooking technologies and fuels, others are more dependent on the use of solid fuels, rudimentary cookstoves, and open fires for their household cooking needs. The Alliance has gathered information from a number of sources to provide a snapshot of a range of factors including: overview of access to clean cookstoves and fuels, demographic and household data, adoption indicators, economic statistics, and other pertinent health and gender resources.

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General Info

RegionSouth Asia
Population 66,785,001
GDP per capita (USD) $ 5,479.76
Income per day (USD) $ 15.01
Urban Population34%
Rural Population66%
Average Household Size4


Percentage of population using solid fuels for cooking24%
Number of people affected by HAP16,028,400
Number of households affected by HAP4,218,000
Number of deaths per year from HAP 24,520
Number of child deaths per year from HAP 386
Urban population using solid fuels11.3%
Rural population using solid fuels47.3%
Population using wood for cooking18.1%
Population using dung for cooking0.0%
Population using charcoal for cooking18.8%
Population using coal for cooking0.0%
Population using kerosene for cooking0.0%
Population using gas for cooking59.7%
Population using electricity for cooking3.4%
Population using other fuels for cooking0.0%

Cookstoves by Comparison

Percentage with access to electricity
Percentage with access to improved water96%
Percentage with access to improved sanitation93%
Diarrhea deaths per year8,000
Deaths per year from outdoor air pollution4,000
Deaths per year from malaria800
Deaths per year from tuberculosis11,200
Deaths per year from HIV/AIDS57,700
Annual PM10[mg/m3]*53


Existence and success of businesses/social enterpriseslow
Infrasturcture strength score4.84
Prevailance of lending institutionsno data
Number of borrowersno data
Penetration of credit unions7.65%
Ease of doing business score*18
Starting business score86
Getting credit score71
Protecting investors score12
Trading across borders score25


Existence and success of businesses/social enterpriseslow
Overall womens empowerment indicator* score
Economic participation and opportunity*0.716
Educational attainment score*0.9855
Health and survival*0.9796
Political empowerment score*0.0829
Percentage of girls in primary school
Literacy rate of women0%

Energy & Environment

Existence and success of businesses/social enterpriseslow
Environmental problemsair pollution, water pollution, deforestation, soil erotion, water shortages, biodiversity loss, animal poaching, habitat loss
Environmental considerationsfuelwood deficit
Carbon dioxide emissions4.09