There are multiple factors that determine the health, environmental, economic, and climate impacts from cooking on a country’s inhabitants. While some countries have access to clean cooking technologies and fuels, others are more dependent on the use of solid fuels, rudimentary cookstoves, and open fires for their household cooking needs. The Alliance has gathered information from a number of sources to provide a snapshot of a range of factors including: overview of access to clean cookstoves and fuels, demographic and household data, adoption indicators, economic statistics, and other pertinent health and gender resources.

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General Info

RegionSub-Saharan Africa
Population 21,699,631
GDP per capita (USD) $ 1,166.91
Income per day (USD) $ 3.20
Urban Population53%
Rural Population47%
Average Household Size5


Percentage of population using solid fuels for cooking78%
Number of people affected by HAP16,925,712
Number of households affected by HAP3,254,945
Number of deaths per year from HAP 11,149
Number of child deaths per year from HAP 4,980
Urban population using solid fuels62.1%
Rural population using solid fuels97.8%
Population using wood for cooking73.5%
Population using dung for cooking0.0%
Population using charcoal for cooking1.7%
Population using coal for cooking0.0%
Population using kerosene for cooking5.2%
Population using gas for cooking16.1%
Population using electricity for cooking0.1%
Population using other fuels for cooking3.4%

Cookstoves by Comparison

Percentage with access to electricity
Percentage with access to improved water74%
Percentage with access to improved sanitation48%
Diarrhea deaths per year18,300
Deaths per year from outdoor air pollution2,200
Deaths per year from malaria23,100
Deaths per year from tuberculosis3,200
Deaths per year from HIV/AIDS39,600
Annual PM10[mg/m3]*59


Existence and success of businesses/social enterpriseslow
Infrasturcture strength score2.42
Prevailance of lending institutions
Number of borrowers
Penetration of credit unions3.08%
Ease of doing business score*162
Starting business score125
Getting credit score105
Protecting investors score127
Trading across borders score158


Existence and success of businesses/social enterpriseslow
Overall womens empowerment indicator* score
Economic participation and opportunity*0.5414
Educational attainment score*0.8585
Health and survival*0.9612
Political empowerment score*0.0829
Percentage of girls in primary school
Literacy rate of women65%

Energy & Environment

Existence and success of businesses/social enterpriseslow
Environmental problems
Environmental considerations
Carbon dioxide emissions0.48