There are multiple factors that determine the health, environmental, economic, and climate impacts from cooking on a country’s inhabitants. While some countries have access to clean cooking technologies and fuels, others are more dependent on the use of solid fuels, rudimentary cookstoves, and open fires for their household cooking needs. The Alliance has gathered information from a number of sources to provide a snapshot of a range of factors including: overview of access to clean cookstoves and fuels, demographic and household data, adoption indicators, economic statistics, and other pertinent health and gender resources.

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General Info

RegionSouth Asia
Population 27,474,377
GDP per capita (USD) $ 690.21
Income per day (USD) $ 1.89
Urban Population17%
Rural Population83%
Average Household Size5


Percentage of population using solid fuels for cooking80%
Number of people affected by HAP23,000,000
Number of households affected by HAP4,055,549
Number of deaths per year from HAP 23,000
Number of child deaths per year from HAP 4,524
Urban population using solid fuels36.3%
Rural population using solid fuels91.4%
Population using wood for cooking75.2%
Population using dung for cooking8.0%
Population using charcoal for cooking0.1%
Population using coal for cooking0.0%
Population using kerosene for cooking3.5%
Population using gas for cooking12.6%
Population using electricity for cooking0.1%
Population using other fuels for cooking0.5%

Cookstoves by Comparison

Percentage with access to electricity
Percentage with access to improved water88%
Percentage with access to improved sanitation35%
Diarrhea deaths per year13,900
Deaths per year from outdoor air pollution800
Deaths per year from malaria0
Deaths per year from tuberculosis6,200
Deaths per year from HIV/AIDS200
Annual PM10[mg/m3]*27


Existence and success of businesses/social enterpriseshigh
Infrasturcture strength score1.81
Prevailance of lending institutions47
Number of borrowers707,000
Penetration of credit unions2.77%
Ease of doing business score*103
Starting business score103
Getting credit score52
Protecting investors score80
Trading across borders score173


Existence and success of businesses/social enterpriseshigh
Overall womens empowerment indicator* score
Economic participation and opportunity*0.5174
Educational attainment score*0.7806
Health and survival*0.9612
Political empowerment score*0.1743
Percentage of girls in primary school
Literacy rate of women47%

Energy & Environment

Existence and success of businesses/social enterpriseshigh
Environmental problemsdeforestation, soil erosion, water pollution
Environmental considerationsglaciers, acute fuelwood scarcity
Carbon dioxide emissions0.12