There are multiple factors that determine the health, environmental, economic, and climate impacts from cooking on a country’s inhabitants. While some countries have access to clean cooking technologies and fuels, others are more dependent on the use of solid fuels, rudimentary cookstoves, and open fires for their household cooking needs. The Alliance has gathered information from a number of sources to provide a snapshot of a range of factors including: overview of access to clean cookstoves and fuels, demographic and household data, adoption indicators, economic statistics, and other pertinent health and gender resources.

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General Info

RegionSouth Asia
Population 52,797,319
GDP per capita (USD)
Income per day (USD)no data
Urban Population33%
Rural Population67%
Average Household Size5


Percentage of population using solid fuels for cooking93%
Number of people affected by HAP50,000,000
Number of households affected by HAP10,790,062
Number of deaths per year from HAP 54,000
Number of child deaths per year from HAP 5,000
Urban population using solid fuels88.0%
Rural population using solid fuels>95%
Population using wood for cooking70.2%
Population using dung for cooking0.0%
Population using charcoal for cooking22.4%
Population using coal for cooking0.0%
Population using kerosene for cooking0.1%
Population using gas for cooking0.3%
Population using electricity for cooking3.0%
Population using other fuels for cooking4.0%

Cookstoves by Comparison

Percentage with access to electricity
Percentage with access to improved water84%
Percentage with access to improved sanitation77%
Diarrhea deaths per year19,900
Deaths per year from outdoor air pollution4,400
Deaths per year from malaria8,900
Deaths per year from tuberculosis9,500
Deaths per year from HIV/AIDS21,400
Annual PM10[mg/m3]*40


Existence and success of businesses/social enterpriseslow
Infrasturcture strength scoreno data
Prevailance of lending institutions5
Number of borrowers200,000
Penetration of credit unions1.07%
Ease of doing business score*182
Starting business score189
Getting credit score167
Protecting investors score182
Trading across borders score114


Existence and success of businesses/social enterpriseslow
Overall womens empowerment indicator* score
Economic participation and opportunity*no data
Educational attainment score*no data
Health and survival*no data
Political empowerment score*no data
Percentage of girls in primary school
Literacy rate of women90%

Energy & Environment

Existence and success of businesses/social enterpriseslow
Environmental problemsdeforestation (#9 for fuelwood use globally), industrial air pollution, water pollution, animal poaching
Environmental considerationsprospective fuelwood deficit
Carbon dioxide emissions0.28