There are multiple factors that determine the health, environmental, economic, and climate impacts from cooking on a country’s inhabitants. While some countries have access to clean cooking technologies and fuels, others are more dependent on the use of solid fuels, rudimentary cookstoves, and open fires for their household cooking needs. The Alliance has gathered information from a number of sources to provide a snapshot of a range of factors including: overview of access to clean cookstoves and fuels, demographic and household data, adoption indicators, economic statistics, and other pertinent health and gender resources.

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General Info

RegionEast Asia and Pacific
Population 2,796,484
GDP per capita (USD) $ 3,672.97
Income per day (USD) $ 10.06
Urban Population69%
Rural Population31%
Average Household Size3


Percentage of population using solid fuels for cooking70%
Number of people affected by HAP1,957,539
Number of households affected by HAP652,513
Number of deaths per year from HAP 3,802
Number of child deaths per year from HAP 453
Urban population using solid fuels60.9%
Rural population using solid fuels>95%
Population using wood for cooking34.0%
Population using dung for cooking23.3%
Population using charcoal for cooking0.2%
Population using coal for cooking19.4%
Population using kerosene for cooking0.0%
Population using gas for cooking0.3%
Population using electricity for cooking22.8%
Population using other fuels for cooking0.0%

Cookstoves by Comparison

Percentage with access to electricity
Percentage with access to improved water85%
Percentage with access to improved sanitation53%
Diarrhea deaths per year500
Deaths per year from outdoor air pollutionno data
Deaths per year from malariano data
Deaths per year from tuberculosis600
Deaths per year from HIV/AIDS0
Annual PM10[mg/m3]*96


Existence and success of businesses/social enterpriseslow
Infrasturcture strength score2.61
Prevailance of lending institutions
Number of borrowers
Penetration of credit unions1.21%
Ease of doing business score*80
Starting business score36
Getting credit score52
Protecting investors score21
Trading across borders score180


Existence and success of businesses/social enterpriseslow
Overall womens empowerment indicator* score
Economic participation and opportunity*0.8746
Educational attainment score*0.9919
Health and survival*0.9796
Political empowerment score*0.0317
Percentage of girls in primary school
Literacy rate of women98%

Energy & Environment

Existence and success of businesses/social enterpriseslow
Environmental problemsdeforestation
Environmental considerations
Carbon dioxide emissions0.61