There are multiple factors that determine the health, environmental, economic, and climate impacts from cooking on a country’s inhabitants. While some countries have access to clean cooking technologies and fuels, others are more dependent on the use of solid fuels, rudimentary cookstoves, and open fires for their household cooking needs. The Alliance has gathered information from a number of sources to provide a snapshot of a range of factors including: overview of access to clean cookstoves and fuels, demographic and household data, adoption indicators, economic statistics, and other pertinent health and gender resources.

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General Info

RegionEast Asia and Pacific
CountryMarshall Islands
Population 52,555
GDP per capita (USD) $ 3,470.65
Income per day (USD) $ 9.51
Urban Population72%
Rural Population28%
Average Household Size5


Percentage of population using solid fuels for cooking32%
Number of people affected by HAP16,818
Number of households affected by HAP3,696
Number of deaths per year from HAP 21
Number of child deaths per year from HAP 2
Urban population using solid fuels8.9%
Rural population using solid fuels94.0%
Population using wood for cooking33.5%
Population using dung for cooking0.0%
Population using charcoal for cooking0.1%
Population using coal for cooking0.0%
Population using kerosene for cooking29.9%
Population using gas for cooking18.6%
Population using electricity for cooking17.3%
Population using other fuels for cooking0.6%

Cookstoves by Comparison

Percentage with access to electricity
Percentage with access to improved water94%
Percentage with access to improved sanitation76%
Diarrhea deaths per year <100
Deaths per year from outdoor air pollution <100
Deaths per year from malaria0
Deaths per year from tuberculosis0
Deaths per year from HIV/AIDS0
Annual PM10[mg/m3]*


Existence and success of businesses/social enterpriseslow
Infrasturcture strength scoreno data
Prevailance of lending institutions
Number of borrowers
Penetration of credit unionsno data
Ease of doing business score*110
Starting business score49
Getting credit score82
Protecting investors score156
Trading across borders score57


Existence and success of businesses/social enterpriseslow
Overall womens empowerment indicator* score
Economic participation and opportunity*no data
Educational attainment score*no data
Health and survival*no data
Political empowerment score*no data
Percentage of girls in primary school
Literacy rate of women0%

Energy & Environment

Existence and success of businesses/social enterpriseslow
Environmental problems
Environmental considerations
Carbon dioxide emissions0.25