There are multiple factors that determine the health, environmental, economic, and climate impacts from cooking on a country’s inhabitants. While some countries have access to clean cooking technologies and fuels, others are more dependent on the use of solid fuels, rudimentary cookstoves, and open fires for their household cooking needs. The Alliance has gathered information from a number of sources to provide a snapshot of a range of factors including: overview of access to clean cookstoves and fuels, demographic and household data, adoption indicators, economic statistics, and other pertinent health and gender resources.

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General Info

RegionSouth Asia
Population 246,864,191
GDP per capita (USD) $ 3,556.79
Income per day (USD) $ 9.74
Urban Population51%
Rural Population49%
Average Household Size5


Percentage of population using solid fuels for cooking47%
Number of people affected by HAP116,026,170
Number of households affected by HAP25,496,765
Number of deaths per year from HAP 164,651
Number of child deaths per year from HAP 6,867
Urban population using solid fuels22.9%
Rural population using solid fuels79.6%
Population using wood for cooking53.4%
Population using dung for cooking0.0%
Population using charcoal for cooking0.4%
Population using coal for cooking0.0%
Population using kerosene for cooking34.2%
Population using gas for cooking11.2%
Population using electricity for cooking0.2%
Population using other fuels for cooking0.6%

Cookstoves by Comparison

Percentage with access to electricity
Percentage with access to improved water84%
Percentage with access to improved sanitation59%
Diarrhea deaths per year31,700
Deaths per year from outdoor air pollution32,300
Deaths per year from malaria3,400
Deaths per year from tuberculosis100,400
Deaths per year from HIV/AIDS300
Annual PM10[mg/m3]*60


Existence and success of businesses/social enterprisesmedium
Infrasturcture strength score3.56
Prevailance of lending institutions49
Number of borrowers6,421,000
Penetration of credit unions0.94%
Ease of doing business score*116
Starting business score171
Getting credit score82
Protecting investors score51
Trading across borders score52


Existence and success of businesses/social enterprisesmedium
Overall womens empowerment indicator* score
Economic participation and opportunity*0.575
Educational attainment score*0.964
Health and survival*0.9663
Political empowerment score*0.1407
Percentage of girls in primary school
Literacy rate of women90%

Energy & Environment

Existence and success of businesses/social enterprisesmedium
Environmental problemsdeforestation (#2 for fuelwood use globally), destruction of peatland, air pollution, water shortages, loss of biodiversity as a result of habitat destruction, endangered species
Environmental considerationsbiodiversity hotspot, old growth forests, fuelwood deficit
Carbon dioxide emissions1.71