There are multiple factors that determine the health, environmental, economic, and climate impacts from cooking on a country’s inhabitants. While some countries have access to clean cooking technologies and fuels, others are more dependent on the use of solid fuels, rudimentary cookstoves, and open fires for their household cooking needs. The Alliance has gathered information from a number of sources to provide a snapshot of a range of factors including: overview of access to clean cookstoves and fuels, demographic and household data, adoption indicators, economic statistics, and other pertinent health and gender resources.

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General Info

RegionSouth Asia
Population 1,252,139,596
GDP per capita (USD) $ 1,489.23
Income per day (USD) $ 4.08
Urban Population32%
Rural Population68%
Average Household Size5


Percentage of population using solid fuels for cooking64%
Number of people affected by HAP839,000,000
Number of households affected by HAP148,000,000
Number of deaths per year from HAP 1,250,000
Number of child deaths per year from HAP 100,000
Urban population using solid fuels26%
Rural population using solid fuels86%
Population using wood for cooking49%
Population using dung for cooking8%
Population using charcoal for cooking0.4%
Population using coal for cooking1.4%
Population using kerosene for cooking3%
Population using gas for cooking29%
Population using electricity for cooking0.1%
Population using other fuels for cooking1%

Cookstoves by Comparison

Percentage with access to electricity
Percentage with access to improved water92%
Percentage with access to improved sanitation35%
Diarrhea deaths per year454,400
Deaths per year from outdoor air pollution119,900
Deaths per year from malaria15,900
Deaths per year from tuberculosis309,000
Deaths per year from HIV/AIDS126,100
Annual PM10[mg/m3]*52


Existence and success of businesses/social enterpriseshigh
Infrasturcture strength score3.49
Prevailance of lending institutions228
Number of borrowers10,800,000
Penetration of credit unions2.59%
Ease of doing business score*131
Starting business score177
Getting credit score24
Protecting investors score32
Trading across borders score129


Existence and success of businesses/social enterpriseshigh
Overall womens empowerment indicator* score
Economic participation and opportunity*0.402
Educational attainment score*0.836
Health and survival*0.9312
Political empowerment score*0.2913
Percentage of girls in primary school
Literacy rate of women0%

Energy & Environment

Existence and success of businesses/social enterpriseshigh
Environmental problemsdeforestation (#1 for fuelwood use globally, rapid rates of urbanization and industrialization), resource depletion, biodiversity loss, significant air pollution and water pollution,
Environmental considerationsacute fuelwood scarcity/fuelwood deficit (depending on region)
Carbon dioxide emissions1.43