There are multiple factors that determine the health, environmental, economic, and climate impacts from cooking on a country’s inhabitants. While some countries have access to clean cooking technologies and fuels, others are more dependent on the use of solid fuels, rudimentary cookstoves, and open fires for their household cooking needs. The Alliance has gathered information from a number of sources to provide a snapshot of a range of factors including: overview of access to clean cookstoves and fuels, demographic and household data, adoption indicators, economic statistics, and other pertinent health and gender resources.

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General Info

RegionSub-Saharan Africa
Population 9,849,569
GDP per capita (USD) $ 251.01
Income per day (USD) $ 0.69
Urban Population11%
Rural Population89%
Average Household Size5


Percentage of population using solid fuels for cooking98%
Number of people affected by HAP9,652,578
Number of households affected by HAP1,963,758
Number of deaths per year from HAP 6,150
Number of child deaths per year from HAP 1,989
Urban population using solid fuels>95%
Rural population using solid fuels>95%
Population using wood for cooking94.2%
Population using dung for cooking0.0%
Population using charcoal for cooking5.1%
Population using coal for cooking0.2%
Population using kerosene for cooking0.0%
Population using gas for cooking0.2%
Population using electricity for cooking0.1%
Population using other fuels for cooking0.2%

Cookstoves by Comparison

Percentage with access to electricity
Percentage with access to improved water74%
Percentage with access to improved sanitation50%
Diarrhea deaths per year14,700
Deaths per year from outdoor air pollution300
Deaths per year from malaria7,700
Deaths per year from tuberculosis5,000
Deaths per year from HIV/AIDS12,600
Annual PM10[mg/m3]*24


Existence and success of businesses/social enterpriseslow
Infrasturcture strength score2.19
Prevailance of lending institutions7
Number of borrowers72,000
Penetration of credit unionsno data
Ease of doing business score*157
Starting business score27
Getting credit score167
Protecting investors score32
Trading across borders score179


Existence and success of businesses/social enterpriseslow
Overall womens empowerment indicator* score
Economic participation and opportunity*no data
Educational attainment score*no data
Health and survival*no data
Political empowerment score*no data
Percentage of girls in primary school
Literacy rate of women0%

Energy & Environment

Existence and success of businesses/social enterpriseslow
Environmental problemsdeforestation, soil erosion, loss of biodiversity as a result of habitat destruction
Environmental considerationsacute fuelwood scarcity
Carbon dioxide emissions0.02