There are multiple factors that determine the health, environmental, economic, and climate impacts from cooking on a country’s inhabitants. While some countries have access to clean cooking technologies and fuels, others are more dependent on the use of solid fuels, rudimentary cookstoves, and open fires for their household cooking needs. The Alliance has gathered information from a number of sources to provide a snapshot of a range of factors including: overview of access to clean cookstoves and fuels, demographic and household data, adoption indicators, economic statistics, and other pertinent health and gender resources.

Please contact us at with any questions.

General Info

RegionEast Asia and Pacific
Population 1,350,695,000
GDP per capita (USD) $ 6,091.01
Income per day (USD) $ 16.69
Urban Population52%
Rural Population48%
Average Household Size3


Percentage of population using solid fuels for cooking45%
Number of people affected by HAP616,950,000
Number of households affected by HAP202,604,000
Number of deaths per year from HAP 1,468,000
Number of child deaths per year from HAP 11,400
Urban population using solid fuels22.8%
Rural population using solid fuels71.3%
Population using wood for cooking26.7%
Population using dung for cooking0.0%
Population using charcoal for cooking0.0%
Population using coal for cooking28.9%
Population using kerosene for cooking0.3%
Population using gas for cooking31.1%
Population using electricity for cooking10.6%
Population using other fuels for cooking2.4%

Cookstoves by Comparison

Percentage with access to electricity
Percentage with access to improved water92%
Percentage with access to improved sanitation65%
Diarrhea deaths per year54,900
Deaths per year from outdoor air pollution299,400
Deaths per year from malaria400
Deaths per year from tuberculosis218,000
Deaths per year from HIV/AIDS20,500
Annual PM10[mg/m3]*59


Existence and success of businesses/social enterpriseshigh
Infrasturcture strength score4.44
Prevailance of lending institutions11
Number of borrowers149,000
Penetration of credit unionsno data
Ease of doing business score*99
Starting business score153
Getting credit score82
Protecting investors score95
Trading across borders score74


Existence and success of businesses/social enterpriseshigh
Overall womens empowerment indicator* score
Economic participation and opportunity*0.6927
Educational attainment score*0.981
Health and survival*0.929
Political empowerment score*0.1495
Percentage of girls in primary school
Literacy rate of women93%

Energy & Environment

Existence and success of businesses/social enterpriseshigh
Environmental problemsair pollution (significant), desertification
Environmental considerationsbiodiversity hotspot, glaciers, old growth forests
Carbon dioxide emissions4.96