There are multiple factors that determine the health, environmental, economic, and climate impacts from cooking on a country’s inhabitants. While some countries have access to clean cooking technologies and fuels, others are more dependent on the use of solid fuels, rudimentary cookstoves, and open fires for their household cooking needs. The Alliance has gathered information from a number of sources to provide a snapshot of a range of factors including: overview of access to clean cookstoves and fuels, demographic and household data, adoption indicators, economic statistics, and other pertinent health and gender resources.

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General Info

RegionSouth Asia
Population 14,864,646
GDP per capita (USD) $ 944.41
Income per day (USD) $ 2.59
Urban Population20%
Rural Population80%
Average Household Size5


Percentage of population using solid fuels for cooking89%
Number of people affected by HAP13,229,535
Number of households affected by HAP2,907,192
Number of deaths per year from HAP 11,876
Number of child deaths per year from HAP 1,674
Urban population using solid fuels63.9%
Rural population using solid fuels95.6%
Population using wood for cooking84.4%
Population using dung for cooking0.1%
Population using charcoal for cooking7.9%
Population using coal for cooking0.0%
Population using kerosene for cooking0.0%
Population using gas for cooking7.3%
Population using electricity for cooking0.2%
Population using other fuels for cooking0.1%

Cookstoves by Comparison

Percentage with access to electricity
Percentage with access to improved water67%
Percentage with access to improved sanitation33%
Diarrhea deaths per year10,900
Deaths per year from outdoor air pollution300
Deaths per year from malaria600
Deaths per year from tuberculosis11,200
Deaths per year from HIV/AIDS9,600
Annual PM10[mg/m3]*42


Existence and success of businesses/social enterprisesmedium
Infrasturcture strength score2.70
Prevailance of lending institutions14
Number of borrowers605,000
Penetration of credit unions0.37%
Ease of doing business score*135
Starting business score181
Getting credit score52
Protecting investors score80
Trading across borders score115


Existence and success of businesses/social enterprisesmedium
Overall womens empowerment indicator* score
Economic participation and opportunity*0.6383
Educational attainment score*0.8655
Health and survival*0.9796
Political empowerment score*0.1095
Percentage of girls in primary school
Literacy rate of women66%

Energy & Environment

Existence and success of businesses/social enterprisesmedium
Environmental problemsdeforestation, loss of biodiversity, soil erosion, water shortages
Environmental considerations
Carbon dioxide emissions0.32