There are multiple factors that determine the health, environmental, economic, and climate impacts from cooking on a country’s inhabitants. While some countries have access to clean cooking technologies and fuels, others are more dependent on the use of solid fuels, rudimentary cookstoves, and open fires for their household cooking needs. The Alliance has gathered information from a number of sources to provide a snapshot of a range of factors including: overview of access to clean cookstoves and fuels, demographic and household data, adoption indicators, economic statistics, and other pertinent health and gender resources.

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General Info

RegionSouth Asia
Population 741,822
GDP per capita (USD) $ 2,398.91
Income per day (USD) $ 6.57
Urban Population36%
Rural Population64%
Average Household Size5


Percentage of population using solid fuels for cooking37%
Number of people affected by HAP274,474
Number of households affected by HAP50,645
Number of deaths per year from HAP 285
Number of child deaths per year from HAP 43
Urban population using solid fuels<5%
Rural population using solid fuels71.6%
Population using wood for cooking40.7%
Population using dung for cooking0.0%
Population using charcoal for cooking0.0%
Population using coal for cooking0.0%
Population using kerosene for cooking0.1%
Population using gas for cooking22.6%
Population using electricity for cooking34.2%
Population using other fuels for cooking2.4%

Cookstoves by Comparison

Percentage with access to electricity
Percentage with access to improved water97%
Percentage with access to improved sanitation45%
Diarrhea deaths per year300
Deaths per year from outdoor air pollutionno data
Deaths per year from malaria0
Deaths per year from tuberculosis100
Deaths per year from HIV/AIDS0
Annual PM10[mg/m3]*20


Existence and success of businesses/social enterpriseshigh
Infrasturcture strength scoreno data
Prevailance of lending institutions
Number of borrowers
Penetration of credit unionsno data
Ease of doing business score*146
Starting business score94
Getting credit score126
Protecting investors score147
Trading across borders score174


Existence and success of businesses/social enterpriseshigh
Overall womens empowerment indicator* score
Economic participation and opportunity*no data
Educational attainment score*no data
Health and survival*no data
Political empowerment score*no data
Percentage of girls in primary school
Literacy rate of women0%

Energy & Environment

Existence and success of businesses/social enterpriseshigh
Environmental problems
Environmental considerationsbiodiversity hotspot
Carbon dioxide emissions8.98