There are multiple factors that determine the health, environmental, economic, and climate impacts from cooking on a country’s inhabitants. While some countries have access to clean cooking technologies and fuels, others are more dependent on the use of solid fuels, rudimentary cookstoves, and open fires for their household cooking needs. The Alliance has gathered information from a number of sources to provide a snapshot of a range of factors including: overview of access to clean cookstoves and fuels, demographic and household data, adoption indicators, economic statistics, and other pertinent health and gender resources.

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By the Numbers

RegionSouth Asia
Population 154,695,368
Percentage of population using solid fuels for cooking89%
Number of people affected by HAP143,290,000
Number of households affected by HAP28,680,000
Number of deaths per year from HAP 107,000
Number of child deaths per year from HAP 8,500
Urban population using solid fuels59.9%
Rural population using solid fuels99.0%
Population using wood for cooking82.6%
Population using dung for cooking8.3%
Population using charcoal for cooking0.0%
Population using coal for cooking0.0%
Population using kerosene for cooking0.0%
Population using gas for cooking8.8%
Population using electricity for cooking0.0%
Population using other fuels for cooking0.3%