There are multiple factors that determine the health, environmental, economic, and climate impacts from cooking on a country’s inhabitants. While some countries have access to clean cooking technologies and fuels, others are more dependent on the use of solid fuels, rudimentary cookstoves, and open fires for their household cooking needs. The Alliance has gathered information from a number of sources to provide a snapshot of a range of factors including: overview of access to clean cookstoves and fuels, demographic and household data, adoption indicators, economic statistics, and other pertinent health and gender resources.

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General Info

RegionSouth Asia
Population 154,695,368
GDP per capita (USD) $ 752.16
Income per day (USD) $ 2.06
Urban Population29%
Rural Population71%
Average Household Size5


Percentage of population using solid fuels for cooking89%
Number of people affected by HAP143,290,000
Number of households affected by HAP28,680,000
Number of deaths per year from HAP 85,000
Number of child deaths per year from HAP 8,500
Urban population using solid fuels59.9%
Rural population using solid fuels99.0%
Population using wood for cooking82.6%
Population using dung for cooking8.3%
Population using charcoal for cooking0.0%
Population using coal for cooking0.0%
Population using kerosene for cooking0.0%
Population using gas for cooking8.8%
Population using electricity for cooking0.0%
Population using other fuels for cooking0.3%

Cookstoves by Comparison

Percentage with access to electricity
Percentage with access to improved water83%
Percentage with access to improved sanitation55%
Diarrhea deaths per year65,000
Deaths per year from outdoor air pollution9,400
Deaths per year from malaria6,300
Deaths per year from tuberculosis76,700
Deaths per year from HIV/AIDS100
Annual PM10[mg/m3]*115


Existence and success of businesses/social enterpriseshigh
Infrasturcture strength score2.15
Prevailance of lending institutions274
Number of borrowers24,757,000
Penetration of credit unions0.28%
Ease of doing business score*132
Starting business score83
Getting credit score82
Protecting investors score21
Trading across borders score126


Existence and success of businesses/social enterpriseshigh
Overall womens empowerment indicator* score
Economic participation and opportunity*0.4732
Educational attainment score*0.9139
Health and survival*0.9557
Political empowerment score*0.3378
Percentage of girls in primary school
Literacy rate of women53%

Energy & Environment

Existence and success of businesses/social enterpriseshigh
Environmental problemsdeforestation, loss of biodiversity
Environmental considerationsextreme vulnerability to climate change, fuelwood deficit
Carbon dioxide emissions0.30