There are multiple factors that determine the health, environmental, economic, and climate impacts from cooking on a country’s inhabitants. While some countries have access to clean cooking technologies and fuels, others are more dependent on the use of solid fuels, rudimentary cookstoves, and open fires for their household cooking needs. The Alliance has gathered information from a number of sources to provide a snapshot of a range of factors including: overview of access to clean cookstoves and fuels, demographic and household data, adoption indicators, economic statistics, and other pertinent health and gender resources.

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General Info

RegionSub-Saharan Africa
Population 13,724,317
GDP per capita (USD) $ 714.23
Income per day (USD) $ 1.96
Urban Population39%
Rural Population61%
Average Household Size5


Percentage of population using solid fuels for cooking70%
Number of people affected by HAP9,607,022
Number of households affected by HAP2,038,109
Number of deaths per year from HAP 9,158
Number of child deaths per year from HAP 3,915
Urban population using solid fuels19.2%
Rural population using solid fuels>95%
Population using wood for cooking66.8%
Population using dung for cooking0.1%
Population using charcoal for cooking0.1%
Population using coal for cooking0.1%
Population using kerosene for cooking0.2%
Population using gas for cooking0.0%
Population using electricity for cooking32.6%
Population using other fuels for cooking0.1%

Cookstoves by Comparison

Percentage with access to electricity
Percentage with access to improved water80%
Percentage with access to improved sanitation40%
Diarrhea deaths per year6,700
Deaths per year from outdoor air pollution600
Deaths per year from malaria1,300
Deaths per year from tuberculosis8,000
Deaths per year from HIV/AIDS190,600
Annual PM10[mg/m3]*34


Existence and success of businesses/social enterpriseslow
Infrasturcture strength score2.36
Prevailance of lending institutions
Number of borrowers
Penetration of credit unions1.37%
Ease of doing business score*168
Starting business score148
Getting credit score105
Protecting investors score127
Trading across borders score168


Existence and success of businesses/social enterpriseslow
Overall womens empowerment indicator* score
Economic participation and opportunity*0.6397
Educational attainment score*0.9332
Health and survival*0.9458
Political empowerment score*0.111
Percentage of girls in primary school
Literacy rate of women80%

Energy & Environment

Existence and success of businesses/social enterpriseslow
Environmental problems
Environmental considerations
Carbon dioxide emissions6.75