There are multiple factors that determine the health, environmental, economic, and climate impacts from cooking on a country’s inhabitants. While some countries have access to clean cooking technologies and fuels, others are more dependent on the use of solid fuels, rudimentary cookstoves, and open fires for their household cooking needs. The Alliance has gathered information from a number of sources to provide a snapshot of a range of factors including: overview of access to clean cookstoves and fuels, demographic and household data, adoption indicators, economic statistics, and other pertinent health and gender resources.

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General Info

RegionSub-Saharan Africa
Population 36,345,860
GDP per capita (USD) $ 547.01
Income per day (USD) $ 1.50
Urban Population16%
Rural Population84%
Average Household Size5


Percentage of population using solid fuels for cooking95%
Number of people affected by HAP37,080,000
Number of households affected by HAP7,344,900
Number of deaths per year from HAP 21,000
Number of child deaths per year from HAP 5,100
Urban population using solid fuels95.2%
Rural population using solid fuels>95%
Population using wood for cooking85.8%
Population using dung for cooking0.0%
Population using charcoal for cooking13.0%
Population using coal for cooking0.0%
Population using kerosene for cooking0.3%
Population using gas for cooking0.1%
Population using electricity for cooking0.0%
Population using other fuels for cooking0.8%

Cookstoves by Comparison

Percentage with access to electricity
Percentage with access to improved water75%
Percentage with access to improved sanitation35%
Diarrhea deaths per year27,200
Deaths per year from outdoor air pollution100
Deaths per year from malaria38,700
Deaths per year from tuberculosis17,300
Deaths per year from HIV/AIDS94,000
Annual PM10[mg/m3]*10


Existence and success of businesses/social enterpriseshigh
Infrasturcture strength score2.40
Prevailance of lending institutions36
Number of borrowers357,000
Penetration of credit unions5.28%
Ease of doing business score*126
Starting business score146
Getting credit score40
Protecting investors score113
Trading across borders score164


Existence and success of businesses/social enterpriseshigh
Overall womens empowerment indicator* score
Economic participation and opportunity*0.7075
Educational attainment score*0.9218
Health and survival*0.9796
Political empowerment score*0.2586
Percentage of girls in primary school
Literacy rate of women65%

Energy & Environment

Existence and success of businesses/social enterpriseshigh
Environmental problemsdeforestation, wetland depletion, soil erosion, animal poaching
Environmental considerationsold growth forests, fuelwood deficit
Carbon dioxide emissions0.11