There are multiple factors that determine the health, environmental, economic, and climate impacts from cooking on a country’s inhabitants. While some countries have access to clean cooking technologies and fuels, others are more dependent on the use of solid fuels, rudimentary cookstoves, and open fires for their household cooking needs. The Alliance has gathered information from a number of sources to provide a snapshot of a range of factors including: overview of access to clean cookstoves and fuels, demographic and household data, adoption indicators, economic statistics, and other pertinent health and gender resources.

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General Info

RegionSub-Saharan Africa
Population 47,783,107
GDP per capita (USD) $ 608.72
Income per day (USD) $ 1.67
Urban Population27%
Rural Population73%
Average Household Size5


Percentage of population using solid fuels for cooking96%
Number of people affected by HAP45,871,783
Number of households affected by HAP9,361,588
Number of deaths per year from HAP 20,353
Number of child deaths per year from HAP 12,012
Urban population using solid fuels84.7%
Rural population using solid fuels>95%
Population using wood for cooking77.6%
Population using dung for cooking0.0%
Population using charcoal for cooking19.0%
Population using coal for cooking0.0%
Population using kerosene for cooking2.3%
Population using gas for cooking0.2%
Population using electricity for cooking0.3%
Population using other fuels for cooking0.6%

Cookstoves by Comparison

Percentage with access to electricity
Percentage with access to improved water53%
Percentage with access to improved sanitation12%
Diarrhea deaths per year32,700
Deaths per year from outdoor air pollution1,200
Deaths per year from malaria41,700
Deaths per year from tuberculosis18,300
Deaths per year from HIV/AIDS116,200
Annual PM10[mg/m3]*19


Existence and success of businesses/social enterpriseshigh
Infrasturcture strength score2.37
Prevailance of lending institutions13
Number of borrowers197,000
Penetration of credit unions3.87%
Ease of doing business score*136
Starting business score115
Getting credit score126
Protecting investors score95
Trading across borders score137


Existence and success of businesses/social enterpriseshigh
Overall womens empowerment indicator* score
Economic participation and opportunity*0.671
Educational attainment score*0.8716
Health and survival*0.9612
Political empowerment score*0.228
Percentage of girls in primary school
Literacy rate of women61%

Energy & Environment

Existence and success of businesses/social enterpriseshigh
Environmental problemsdeforestation (#10 for fuelwood use globally), soil erosion, biodiversity loss, air pollution, water pollution (lack of waste management)
Environmental considerationsfuelwood deficit
Carbon dioxide emissions0.15