There are multiple factors that determine the health, environmental, economic, and climate impacts from cooking on a country’s inhabitants. While some countries have access to clean cooking technologies and fuels, others are more dependent on the use of solid fuels, rudimentary cookstoves, and open fires for their household cooking needs. The Alliance has gathered information from a number of sources to provide a snapshot of a range of factors including: overview of access to clean cookstoves and fuels, demographic and household data, adoption indicators, economic statistics, and other pertinent health and gender resources.

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General Info

RegionSub-Saharan Africa
CountrySouth Africa
Population 51,189,307
GDP per capita (USD) $ 7,507.67
Income per day (USD) $ 20.57
Urban Population62%
Rural Population38%
Average Household Size5


Percentage of population using solid fuels for cooking13%
Number of people affected by HAP6,654,610
Number of households affected by HAP1,411,761
Number of deaths per year from HAP 7,623
Number of child deaths per year from HAP 1,283
Urban population using solid fuels6.9%
Rural population using solid fuels41.2%
Population using wood for cooking15.2%
Population using dung for cooking0.2%
Population using charcoal for cooking0.0%
Population using coal for cooking1.2%
Population using kerosene for cooking14.8%
Population using gas for cooking2.0%
Population using electricity for cooking66.4%
Population using other fuels for cooking0.2%

Cookstoves by Comparison

Percentage with access to electricity
Percentage with access to improved water92%
Percentage with access to improved sanitation74%
Diarrhea deaths per year12,300
Deaths per year from outdoor air pollution1,100
Deaths per year from malaria300
Deaths per year from tuberculosis41,500
Deaths per year from HIV/AIDS300,100
Annual PM10[mg/m3]*18


Existence and success of businesses/social enterpriseslow
Infrasturcture strength score3.98
Prevailance of lending institutions
Number of borrowers
Penetration of credit unions0.06%
Ease of doing business score*41
Starting business score56
Getting credit score24
Protecting investors score10
Trading across borders score110


Existence and success of businesses/social enterpriseslow
Overall womens empowerment indicator* score
Economic participation and opportunity*0.6727
Educational attainment score*0.9962
Health and survival*0.9677
Political empowerment score*0.3773
Percentage of girls in primary school
Literacy rate of women92%

Energy & Environment

Existence and success of businesses/social enterpriseslow
Environmental problems
Environmental considerations
Carbon dioxide emissions10.38