There are multiple factors that determine the health, environmental, economic, and climate impacts from cooking on a country’s inhabitants. While some countries have access to clean cooking technologies and fuels, others are more dependent on the use of solid fuels, rudimentary cookstoves, and open fires for their household cooking needs. The Alliance has gathered information from a number of sources to provide a snapshot of a range of factors including: overview of access to clean cookstoves and fuels, demographic and household data, adoption indicators, economic statistics, and other pertinent health and gender resources.

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General Info

RegionSub-Saharan Africa
Population 13,726,021
GDP per capita (USD) $ 1,023.29
Income per day (USD) $ 2.80
Urban Population43%
Rural Population57%
Average Household Size5


Percentage of population using solid fuels for cooking56%
Number of people affected by HAP7,686,572
Number of households affected by HAP1,434,595
Number of deaths per year from HAP 2,611
Number of child deaths per year from HAP 1,135
Urban population using solid fuels17.4%
Rural population using solid fuels85.9%
Population using wood for cooking47.7%
Population using dung for cooking0.6%
Population using charcoal for cooking7.8%
Population using coal for cooking0.0%
Population using kerosene for cooking0.0%
Population using gas for cooking41.1%
Population using electricity for cooking0.0%
Population using other fuels for cooking2.8%

Cookstoves by Comparison

Percentage with access to electricity
Percentage with access to improved water73%
Percentage with access to improved sanitation51%
Diarrhea deaths per year12,900
Deaths per year from outdoor air pollution1,800
Deaths per year from malaria9,600
Deaths per year from tuberculosis6,000
Deaths per year from HIV/AIDS1,300
Annual PM10[mg/m3]*77


Existence and success of businesses/social enterpriseslow
Infrasturcture strength score2.71
Prevailance of lending institutions
Number of borrowers
Penetration of credit unions31.58%
Ease of doing business score*176
Starting business score106
Getting credit score126
Protecting investors score169
Trading across borders score80


Existence and success of businesses/social enterpriseslow
Overall womens empowerment indicator* score
Economic participation and opportunity*0.6439
Educational attainment score*0.8208
Health and survival*0.9734
Political empowerment score*0.1274
Percentage of girls in primary school
Literacy rate of women39%

Energy & Environment

Existence and success of businesses/social enterpriseslow
Environmental problems
Environmental considerations
Carbon dioxide emissionsno data