There are multiple factors that determine the health, environmental, economic, and climate impacts from cooking on a country’s inhabitants. While some countries have access to clean cooking technologies and fuels, others are more dependent on the use of solid fuels, rudimentary cookstoves, and open fires for their household cooking needs. The Alliance has gathered information from a number of sources to provide a snapshot of a range of factors including: overview of access to clean cookstoves and fuels, demographic and household data, adoption indicators, economic statistics, and other pertinent health and gender resources.

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General Info

RegionSub-Saharan Africa
Population 11,457,801
GDP per capita (USD) $ 619.93
Income per day (USD) $ 1.70
Urban Population19%
Rural Population81%
Average Household Size5


Percentage of population using solid fuels for cooking98%
Number of people affected by HAP11,228,645
Number of households affected by HAP2,389,073
Number of deaths per year from HAP 5,680
Number of child deaths per year from HAP 2,275
Urban population using solid fuels>95%
Rural population using solid fuels>95%
Population using wood for cooking92.1%
Population using dung for cooking0.2%
Population using charcoal for cooking6.5%
Population using coal for cooking0.3%
Population using kerosene for cooking0.1%
Population using gas for cooking0.0%
Population using electricity for cooking0.1%
Population using other fuels for cooking0.7%

Cookstoves by Comparison

Percentage with access to electricity
Percentage with access to improved water69%
Percentage with access to improved sanitation61%
Diarrhea deaths per year16,700
Deaths per year from outdoor air pollution300
Deaths per year from malaria6,700
Deaths per year from tuberculosis6,500
Deaths per year from HIV/AIDS20,200
Annual PM10[mg/m3]*21


Existence and success of businesses/social enterprisesmedium
Infrasturcture strength score2.99
Prevailance of lending institutions4
Number of borrowers131,000
Penetration of credit unionsno data
Ease of doing business score*54
Starting business score8
Getting credit score24
Protecting investors score32
Trading across borders score160


Existence and success of businesses/social enterprisesmedium
Overall womens empowerment indicator* score
Economic participation and opportunity*no data
Educational attainment score*no data
Health and survival*no data
Political empowerment score*no data
Percentage of girls in primary school
Literacy rate of women62%

Energy & Environment

Existence and success of businesses/social enterprisesmedium
Environmental problemsdeforestation, soil exhaustion, animal poaching
Environmental considerationsacute fuelwood scarcity
Carbon dioxide emissions0.07