There are multiple factors that determine the health, environmental, economic, and climate impacts from cooking on a country’s inhabitants. While some countries have access to clean cooking technologies and fuels, others are more dependent on the use of solid fuels, rudimentary cookstoves, and open fires for their household cooking needs. The Alliance has gathered information from a number of sources to provide a snapshot of a range of factors including: overview of access to clean cookstoves and fuels, demographic and household data, adoption indicators, economic statistics, and other pertinent health and gender resources.

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General Info

RegionSub-Saharan Africa
Population 168,833,776
GDP per capita (USD) $ 1,555.36
Income per day (USD) $ 4.26
Urban Population50%
Rural Population50%
Average Household Size5


Percentage of population using solid fuels for cooking75%
Number of people affected by HAP136,650,000
Number of households affected by HAP23,000,000
Number of deaths per year from HAP 128,500
Number of child deaths per year from HAP 36,000
Urban population using solid fuels40.4%
Rural population using solid fuels91.6%
Population using wood for cooking72.3%
Population using dung for cooking0.5%
Population using charcoal for cooking2.2%
Population using coal for cooking0.1%
Population using kerosene for cooking23.0%
Population using gas for cooking1.0%
Population using electricity for cooking0.3%
Population using other fuels for cooking0.6%

Cookstoves by Comparison

Percentage with access to electricity
Percentage with access to improved water61%
Percentage with access to improved sanitation31%
Diarrhea deaths per year177,800
Deaths per year from outdoor air pollution18,500
Deaths per year from malaria231,100
Deaths per year from tuberculosis77,800
Deaths per year from HIV/AIDS167,400
Annual PM10[mg/m3]*38


Existence and success of businesses/social enterpriseshigh
Infrasturcture strength score2.02
Prevailance of lending institutions54
Number of borrowers1,392,000
Penetration of credit unionsno data
Ease of doing business score*138
Starting business score114
Getting credit score11
Protecting investors score67
Trading across borders score159


Existence and success of businesses/social enterpriseshigh
Overall womens empowerment indicator* score
Economic participation and opportunity*0.6044
Educational attainment score*0.8072
Health and survival*0.9607
Political empowerment score*0.0497
Percentage of girls in primary school
Literacy rate of women0%

Energy & Environment

Existence and success of businesses/social enterpriseshigh
Environmental problemssevere deforestation (#3 for fuelwood use globally), urban air pollution, water shortages, water pollution, endangered species
Environmental considerationsfuelwood deficit
Carbon dioxide emissions0.65