There are multiple factors that determine the health, environmental, economic, and climate impacts from cooking on a country’s inhabitants. While some countries have access to clean cooking technologies and fuels, others are more dependent on the use of solid fuels, rudimentary cookstoves, and open fires for their household cooking needs. The Alliance has gathered information from a number of sources to provide a snapshot of a range of factors including: overview of access to clean cookstoves and fuels, demographic and household data, adoption indicators, economic statistics, and other pertinent health and gender resources.

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General Info

RegionSub-Saharan Africa
Population 17,157,042
GDP per capita (USD) $ 394.78
Income per day (USD) $ 1.08
Urban Population18%
Rural Population82%
Average Household Size5


Percentage of population using solid fuels for cooking94%
Number of people affected by HAP16,127,619
Number of households affected by HAP3,010,003
Number of deaths per year from HAP 14,841
Number of child deaths per year from HAP 11,153
Urban population using solid fuels>95%
Rural population using solid fuels>95%
Population using wood for cooking94.2%
Population using dung for cooking2.0%
Population using charcoal for cooking2.8%
Population using coal for cooking0.0%
Population using kerosene for cooking0.0%
Population using gas for cooking0.7%
Population using electricity for cooking0.2%
Population using other fuels for cooking0.1%

Cookstoves by Comparison

Percentage with access to electricity
Percentage with access to improved water50%
Percentage with access to improved sanitation10%
Diarrhea deaths per year40,300
Deaths per year from outdoor air pollution1,000
Deaths per year from malaria27,700
Deaths per year from tuberculosis4,700
Deaths per year from HIV/AIDS2,700
Annual PM10[mg/m3]*96


Existence and success of businesses/social enterprisesmedium
Infrasturcture strength scoreno data
Prevailance of lending institutions5
Number of borrowers137,000
Penetration of credit unions2.36%
Ease of doing business score*174
Starting business score168
Getting credit score126
Protecting investors score156
Trading across borders score177


Existence and success of businesses/social enterprisesmedium
Overall womens empowerment indicator* score
Economic participation and opportunity*no data
Educational attainment score*no data
Health and survival*no data
Political empowerment score*no data
Percentage of girls in primary school
Literacy rate of women0%

Energy & Environment

Existence and success of businesses/social enterprisesmedium
Environmental problemsdeforestation, soil erosion, desertification, loss of biodiversity, animal poaching
Environmental considerationsacute fuelwood scarcity
Carbon dioxide emissions0.07