There are multiple factors that determine the health, environmental, economic, and climate impacts from cooking on a country’s inhabitants. While some countries have access to clean cooking technologies and fuels, others are more dependent on the use of solid fuels, rudimentary cookstoves, and open fires for their household cooking needs. The Alliance has gathered information from a number of sources to provide a snapshot of a range of factors including: overview of access to clean cookstoves and fuels, demographic and household data, adoption indicators, economic statistics, and other pertinent health and gender resources.

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General Info

RegionSub-Saharan Africa
Population 25,203,395
GDP per capita (USD) $ 565.15
Income per day (USD) $ 1.55
Urban Population31%
Rural Population69%
Average Household Size4


Percentage of population using solid fuels for cooking96%
Number of people affected by HAP24,195,259
Number of households affected by HAP5,498,923
Number of deaths per year from HAP 12,858
Number of child deaths per year from HAP 6,373
Urban population using solid fuels88.6%
Rural population using solid fuels>95%
Population using wood for cooking84.0%
Population using dung for cooking0.2%
Population using charcoal for cooking0.4%
Population using coal for cooking12.6%
Population using kerosene for cooking0.5%
Population using gas for cooking1.4%
Population using electricity for cooking0.8%
Population using other fuels for cooking0.1%

Cookstoves by Comparison

Percentage with access to electricity
Percentage with access to improved water47%
Percentage with access to improved sanitation19%
Diarrhea deaths per year17,000
Deaths per year from outdoor air pollution900
Deaths per year from malaria23,000
Deaths per year from tuberculosis11,700
Deaths per year from HIV/AIDS70,100
Annual PM10[mg/m3]*22


Existence and success of businesses/social enterprisesmedium
Infrasturcture strength score2.56
Prevailance of lending institutions8
Number of borrowers62,000
Penetration of credit unionsno data
Ease of doing business score*142
Starting business score97
Getting credit score126
Protecting investors score51
Trading across borders score136


Existence and success of businesses/social enterprisesmedium
Overall womens empowerment indicator* score
Economic participation and opportunity*0.8113
Educational attainment score*0.8136
Health and survival*0.9612
Political empowerment score*0.3455
Percentage of girls in primary school
Literacy rate of women36%

Energy & Environment

Existence and success of businesses/social enterprisesmedium
Environmental problemsdesertification, water pollution, animal poaching
Environmental considerationsfuelwood deficit
Carbon dioxide emissions0.12