There are multiple factors that determine the health, environmental, economic, and climate impacts from cooking on a country’s inhabitants. While some countries have access to clean cooking technologies and fuels, others are more dependent on the use of solid fuels, rudimentary cookstoves, and open fires for their household cooking needs. The Alliance has gathered information from a number of sources to provide a snapshot of a range of factors including: overview of access to clean cookstoves and fuels, demographic and household data, adoption indicators, economic statistics, and other pertinent health and gender resources.

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General Info

RegionSub-Saharan Africa
Population 3,796,141
GDP per capita (USD) $ 1,106.14
Income per day (USD) $ 3.03
Urban Population42%
Rural Population58%
Average Household Size5


Percentage of population using solid fuels for cooking56%
Number of people affected by HAP2,125,839
Number of households affected by HAP396,759
Number of deaths per year from HAP 1,465
Number of child deaths per year from HAP 656
Urban population using solid fuels30.5%
Rural population using solid fuels82.1%
Population using wood for cooking38.9%
Population using dung for cooking0.0%
Population using charcoal for cooking23.2%
Population using coal for cooking0.0%
Population using kerosene for cooking0.0%
Population using gas for cooking36.0%
Population using electricity for cooking1.3%
Population using other fuels for cooking0.6%

Cookstoves by Comparison

Percentage with access to electricity
Percentage with access to improved water50%
Percentage with access to improved sanitation27%
Diarrhea deaths per year22,600
Deaths per year from outdoor air pollution1,000
Deaths per year from malaria2,000
Deaths per year from tuberculosis1,700
Deaths per year from HIV/AIDS400
Annual PM10[mg/m3]*68


Existence and success of businesses/social enterpriseslow
Infrasturcture strength score2.52
Prevailance of lending institutions
Number of borrowers
Penetration of credit unionsno data
Ease of doing business score*171
Starting business score163
Getting credit score167
Protecting investors score147
Trading across borders score153


Existence and success of businesses/social enterpriseslow
Overall womens empowerment indicator* score
Economic participation and opportunity*0.4668
Educational attainment score*0.8526
Health and survival*0.9796
Political empowerment score*0.1621
Percentage of girls in primary school
Literacy rate of women52%

Energy & Environment

Existence and success of businesses/social enterpriseslow
Environmental problems#8 for fuelwood use
Environmental considerationsbiodiversity hotspot, glaciers
Carbon dioxide emissions19.34