There are multiple factors that determine the health, environmental, economic, and climate impacts from cooking on a country’s inhabitants. While some countries have access to clean cooking technologies and fuels, others are more dependent on the use of solid fuels, rudimentary cookstoves, and open fires for their household cooking needs. The Alliance has gathered information from a number of sources to provide a snapshot of a range of factors including: overview of access to clean cookstoves and fuels, demographic and household data, adoption indicators, economic statistics, and other pertinent health and gender resources.

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General Info

RegionSub-Saharan Africa
Population 14,853,572
GDP per capita (USD) $ 693.98
Income per day (USD) $ 1.90
Urban Population36%
Rural Population64%
Average Household Size5


Percentage of population using solid fuels for cooking98%
Number of people affected by HAP14,556,501
Number of households affected by HAP2,716,775
Number of deaths per year from HAP 9,749
Number of child deaths per year from HAP 5,208
Urban population using solid fuels>95%
Rural population using solid fuels>95%
Population using wood for cooking82.6%
Population using dung for cooking2.0%
Population using charcoal for cooking14.5%
Population using coal for cooking0.0%
Population using kerosene for cooking0.0%
Population using gas for cooking0.2%
Population using electricity for cooking0.0%
Population using other fuels for cooking0.7%

Cookstoves by Comparison

Percentage with access to electricity
Percentage with access to improved water65%
Percentage with access to improved sanitation22%
Diarrhea deaths per year22,600
Deaths per year from outdoor air pollution1,000
Deaths per year from malaria19,200
Deaths per year from tuberculosis7,100
Deaths per year from HIV/AIDS5,000
Annual PM10[mg/m3]*111


Existence and success of businesses/social enterpriseslow
Infrasturcture strength score2.56
Prevailance of lending institutions19
Number of borrowers290,000
Penetration of credit unions20.35%
Ease of doing business score*153
Starting business score119
Getting credit score126
Protecting investors score147
Trading across borders score156


Existence and success of businesses/social enterpriseslow
Overall womens empowerment indicator* score
Economic participation and opportunity*0.5137
Educational attainment score*0.6794
Health and survival*0.9761
Political empowerment score*0.1026
Percentage of girls in primary school
Literacy rate of women25%

Energy & Environment

Existence and success of businesses/social enterpriseslow
Environmental problemsdeforestation, desertification, soil erosion, water shortages
Environmental considerationsacute fuelwood scarcity
Carbon dioxide emissions0.04