There are multiple factors that determine the health, environmental, economic, and climate impacts from cooking on a country’s inhabitants. While some countries have access to clean cooking technologies and fuels, others are more dependent on the use of solid fuels, rudimentary cookstoves, and open fires for their household cooking needs. The Alliance has gathered information from a number of sources to provide a snapshot of a range of factors including: overview of access to clean cookstoves and fuels, demographic and household data, adoption indicators, economic statistics, and other pertinent health and gender resources.

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General Info

RegionSub-Saharan Africa
Population 15,906,483
GDP per capita (USD) $ 268.05
Income per day (USD) $ 0.73
Urban Population16%
Rural Population84%
Average Household Size4


Percentage of population using solid fuels for cooking97%
Number of people affected by HAP15,429,289
Number of households affected by HAP3,588,207
Number of deaths per year from HAP 13,250
Number of child deaths per year from HAP 5,852
Urban population using solid fuels>95%
Rural population using solid fuels>95%
Population using wood for cooking91.4%
Population using dung for cooking0.0%
Population using charcoal for cooking7.2%
Population using coal for cooking0.0%
Population using kerosene for cooking0.0%
Population using gas for cooking0.0%
Population using electricity for cooking1.2%
Population using other fuels for cooking0.2%

Cookstoves by Comparison

Percentage with access to electricity
Percentage with access to improved water84%
Percentage with access to improved sanitation53%
Diarrhea deaths per year18,200
Deaths per year from outdoor air pollution600
Deaths per year from malaria15,700
Deaths per year from tuberculosis6,200
Deaths per year from HIV/AIDS65,300
Annual PM10[mg/m3]*29


Existence and success of businesses/social enterpriseshigh
Infrasturcture strength score2.26
Prevailance of lending institutions9
Number of borrowers286,000
Penetration of credit unions1.44%
Ease of doing business score*161
Starting business score142
Getting credit score126
Protecting investors score80
Trading across borders score176


Existence and success of businesses/social enterpriseshigh
Overall womens empowerment indicator* score
Economic participation and opportunity*0.6979
Educational attainment score*0.8894
Health and survival*0.9683
Political empowerment score*0.1742
Percentage of girls in primary school
Literacy rate of women51%

Energy & Environment

Existence and success of businesses/social enterpriseshigh
Environmental problemsdeforestation, water pollution,
Environmental considerationsfuelwood deficit
Carbon dioxide emissions0.08