There are multiple factors that determine the health, environmental, economic, and climate impacts from cooking on a country’s inhabitants. While some countries have access to clean cooking technologies and fuels, others are more dependent on the use of solid fuels, rudimentary cookstoves, and open fires for their household cooking needs. The Alliance has gathered information from a number of sources to provide a snapshot of a range of factors including: overview of access to clean cookstoves and fuels, demographic and household data, adoption indicators, economic statistics, and other pertinent health and gender resources.

Please contact us at knowledge@cleancookstoves.org with any questions.

General Info

RegionSub-Saharan Africa
CountryMadagascar
Population 22,293,914
GDP per capita (USD) $ 447.44
Income per day (USD) $ 1.23
Urban Population33%
Rural Population67%
Average Household Size5

Health

Percentage of population using solid fuels for cooking98%
Number of people affected by HAP21,848,036
Number of households affected by HAP4,458,783
Number of deaths per year from HAP 16,375
Number of child deaths per year from HAP 3,628
Urban population using solid fuels>95%
Rural population using solid fuels>95%
Population using wood for cooking81.7%
Population using dung for cooking0.0%
Population using charcoal for cooking17.4%
Population using coal for cooking0.0%
Population using kerosene for cooking0.1%
Population using gas for cooking0.3%
Population using electricity for cooking0.2%
Population using other fuels for cooking0.3%

Cookstoves by Comparison

Percentage with access to electricity
Percentage with access to improved water48%
Percentage with access to improved sanitation14%
Diarrhea deaths per year20,400
Deaths per year from outdoor air pollution600
Deaths per year from malaria2,300
Deaths per year from tuberculosis7,300
Deaths per year from HIV/AIDS500
Annual PM10[mg/m3]*28

Business/Market

Existence and success of businesses/social enterprisesmedium
Infrasturcture strength score2.35
Prevailance of lending institutions12
Number of borrowers82,000
Penetration of credit unionsno data
Ease of doing business score*144
Starting business score17
Getting credit score182
Protecting investors score67
Trading across borders score121

Gender

Existence and success of businesses/social enterprisesmedium
Overall womens empowerment indicator* score
Economic participation and opportunity*0.6708
Educational attainment score*0.9591
Health and survival*0.9732
Political empowerment score*0.0821
Percentage of girls in primary school
Literacy rate of women62%

Energy & Environment

Existence and success of businesses/social enterprisesmedium
Environmental problemsdeforestation, soil erosion, desertification, water pollution, endangered species
Environmental considerationsbiodiversity hotspot, fuelwood deficit
Carbon dioxide emissions0.12

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