There are multiple factors that determine the health, environmental, economic, and climate impacts from cooking on a country’s inhabitants. While some countries have access to clean cooking technologies and fuels, others are more dependent on the use of solid fuels, rudimentary cookstoves, and open fires for their household cooking needs. The Alliance has gathered information from a number of sources to provide a snapshot of a range of factors including: overview of access to clean cookstoves and fuels, demographic and household data, adoption indicators, economic statistics, and other pertinent health and gender resources.

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General Info

RegionSub-Saharan Africa
Population 10,050,702
GDP per capita (USD) $ 751.92
Income per day (USD) $ 2.06
Urban Population46%
Rural Population54%
Average Household Size5


Percentage of population using solid fuels for cooking94%
Number of people affected by HAP9,447,660
Number of households affected by HAP1,763,278
Number of deaths per year from HAP 5,293
Number of child deaths per year from HAP 2,592
Urban population using solid fuels87.7%
Rural population using solid fuels97.2%
Population using wood for cooking72.2%
Population using dung for cooking0.0%
Population using charcoal for cooking21.2%
Population using coal for cooking0.0%
Population using kerosene for cooking1.9%
Population using gas for cooking3.7%
Population using electricity for cooking0.0%
Population using other fuels for cooking1.0%

Cookstoves by Comparison

Percentage with access to electricity
Percentage with access to improved water76%
Percentage with access to improved sanitation14%
Diarrhea deaths per year9,400
Deaths per year from outdoor air pollution400
Deaths per year from malaria13,000
Deaths per year from tuberculosis1,200
Deaths per year from HIV/AIDS3,600
Annual PM10[mg/m3]*48


Existence and success of businesses/social enterpriseslow
Infrasturcture strength score2.71
Prevailance of lending institutionsno data
Number of borrowersno data
Penetration of credit unions29.65%
Ease of doing business score*175
Starting business score152
Getting credit score126
Protecting investors score156
Trading across borders score135


Existence and success of businesses/social enterpriseslow
Overall womens empowerment indicator* score
Economic participation and opportunity*0.6049
Educational attainment score*0.6457
Health and survival*0.9612
Political empowerment score*0.0757
Percentage of girls in primary school
Literacy rate of women0%

Energy & Environment

Existence and success of businesses/social enterpriseslow
Environmental problemsdeforestation
Environmental considerationsbiodiversity hotspot, glaciers
Carbon dioxide emissions0.53