There are multiple factors that determine the health, environmental, economic, and climate impacts from cooking on a country’s inhabitants. While some countries have access to clean cooking technologies and fuels, others are more dependent on the use of solid fuels, rudimentary cookstoves, and open fires for their household cooking needs. The Alliance has gathered information from a number of sources to provide a snapshot of a range of factors including: overview of access to clean cookstoves and fuels, demographic and household data, adoption indicators, economic statistics, and other pertinent health and gender resources.

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General Info

RegionSub-Saharan Africa
Population 11,451,273
GDP per capita (USD) $ 491.79
Income per day (USD) $ 1.35
Urban Population36%
Rural Population64%
Average Household Size5


Percentage of population using solid fuels for cooking96%
Number of people affected by HAP10,993,222
Number of households affected by HAP2,051,737
Number of deaths per year from HAP 8,847
Number of child deaths per year from HAP 5,199
Urban population using solid fuels>95%
Rural population using solid fuels>95%
Population using wood for cooking0.3%
Population using dung for cooking0.0%
Population using charcoal for cooking78.6%
Population using coal for cooking19.2%
Population using kerosene for cooking0.1%
Population using gas for cooking0.1%
Population using electricity for cooking0.3%
Population using other fuels for cooking1.4%

Cookstoves by Comparison

Percentage with access to electricity
Percentage with access to improved water74%
Percentage with access to improved sanitation19%
Diarrhea deaths per year9,600
Deaths per year from outdoor air pollution600
Deaths per year from malaria13,200
Deaths per year from tuberculosis3,700
Deaths per year from HIV/AIDS3,500
Annual PM10[mg/m3]*55


Existence and success of businesses/social enterpriseslow
Infrasturcture strength scoreno data
Prevailance of lending institutions8
Number of borrowers175,000
Penetration of credit unionsno data
Ease of doing business score*179
Starting business score160
Getting credit score154
Protecting investors score178
Trading across borders score138


Existence and success of businesses/social enterpriseslow
Overall womens empowerment indicator* score
Economic participation and opportunity*no data
Educational attainment score*no data
Health and survival*no data
Political empowerment score*no data
Percentage of girls in primary school
Literacy rate of women12%

Energy & Environment

Existence and success of businesses/social enterpriseslow
Environmental problemsdeforestation, water shortages, desertification, soil erosion
Environmental considerationsfuelwood deficit
Carbon dioxide emissions0.15