There are multiple factors that determine the health, environmental, economic, and climate impacts from cooking on a country’s inhabitants. While some countries have access to clean cooking technologies and fuels, others are more dependent on the use of solid fuels, rudimentary cookstoves, and open fires for their household cooking needs. The Alliance has gathered information from a number of sources to provide a snapshot of a range of factors including: overview of access to clean cookstoves and fuels, demographic and household data, adoption indicators, economic statistics, and other pertinent health and gender resources.

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General Info

RegionSub-Saharan Africa
Population 25,366,462
GDP per capita (USD) $ 1,604.91
Income per day (USD) $ 4.40
Urban Population53%
Rural Population47%
Average Household Size5


Percentage of population using solid fuels for cooking83%
Number of people affected by HAP22,750,000
Number of households affected by HAP4,170,000
Number of deaths per year from HAP 18,000
Number of child deaths per year from HAP 2,900
Urban population using solid fuels74.3%
Rural population using solid fuels>95%
Population using wood for cooking50.8%
Population using dung for cooking0.0%
Population using charcoal for cooking34.8%
Population using coal for cooking0.0%
Population using kerosene for cooking0.6%
Population using gas for cooking10.4%
Population using electricity for cooking0.1%
Population using other fuels for cooking3.3%

Cookstoves by Comparison

Percentage with access to electricity
Percentage with access to improved water86%
Percentage with access to improved sanitation14%
Diarrhea deaths per year20,300
Deaths per year from outdoor air pollution700
Deaths per year from malaria23,500
Deaths per year from tuberculosis8,800
Deaths per year from HIV/AIDS21,400
Annual PM10[mg/m3]*22


Existence and success of businesses/social enterpriseslow
Infrasturcture strength score2.87
Prevailance of lending institutions
Number of borrowers
Penetration of credit unions2.12%
Ease of doing business score*62
Starting business score111
Getting credit score24
Protecting investors score32
Trading across borders score106


Existence and success of businesses/social enterpriseslow
Overall womens empowerment indicator* score
Economic participation and opportunity*0.7577
Educational attainment score*0.8915
Health and survival*0.9674
Political empowerment score*0.0961
Percentage of girls in primary school
Literacy rate of women65%

Energy & Environment

Existence and success of businesses/social enterpriseslow
Environmental problems
Environmental considerations
Carbon dioxide emissions1.09