There are multiple factors that determine the health, environmental, economic, and climate impacts from cooking on a country’s inhabitants. While some countries have access to clean cooking technologies and fuels, others are more dependent on the use of solid fuels, rudimentary cookstoves, and open fires for their household cooking needs. The Alliance has gathered information from a number of sources to provide a snapshot of a range of factors including: overview of access to clean cookstoves and fuels, demographic and household data, adoption indicators, economic statistics, and other pertinent health and gender resources.

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General Info

RegionSub-Saharan Africa
Population 91,728,849
GDP per capita (USD) $ 453.57
Income per day (USD) $ 1.24
Urban Population17%
Rural Population83%
Average Household Size5


Percentage of population using solid fuels for cooking98%
Number of people affected by HAP89,894,272
Number of households affected by HAP18,727,973
Number of deaths per year from HAP 45,697
Number of child deaths per year from HAP 21,060
Urban population using solid fuels74.2%
Rural population using solid fuels>95%
Population using wood for cooking85.0%
Population using dung for cooking7.4%
Population using charcoal for cooking2.8%
Population using coal for cooking0.0%
Population using kerosene for cooking3.9%
Population using gas for cooking0.1%
Population using electricity for cooking0.2%
Population using other fuels for cooking0.6%

Cookstoves by Comparison

Percentage with access to electricity
Percentage with access to improved water49%
Percentage with access to improved sanitation21%
Diarrhea deaths per year112,100
Deaths per year from outdoor air pollution2,500
Deaths per year from malaria45,700
Deaths per year from tuberculosis49,100
Deaths per year from HIV/AIDS93,600
Annual PM10[mg/m3]*47


Existence and success of businesses/social enterpriseshigh
Infrasturcture strength score2.65
Prevailance of lending institutions22
Number of borrowers14,200,000
Penetration of credit unions0.58%
Ease of doing business score*124
Starting business score162
Getting credit score105
Protecting investors score156
Trading across borders score165


Existence and success of businesses/social enterpriseshigh
Overall womens empowerment indicator* score
Economic participation and opportunity*0.6316
Educational attainment score*0.7003
Health and survival*0.9737
Political empowerment score*0.1021
Percentage of girls in primary school
Literacy rate of women0%

Energy & Environment

Existence and success of businesses/social enterpriseshigh
Environmental problemsdeforestation (industry and domestic), endangered species, soil erosion
Environmental considerationsold growth forests, acute fuelwood scarcity
Carbon dioxide emissions0.08