There are multiple factors that determine the health, environmental, economic, and climate impacts from cooking on a country’s inhabitants. While some countries have access to clean cooking technologies and fuels, others are more dependent on the use of solid fuels, rudimentary cookstoves, and open fires for their household cooking needs. The Alliance has gathered information from a number of sources to provide a snapshot of a range of factors including: overview of access to clean cookstoves and fuels, demographic and household data, adoption indicators, economic statistics, and other pertinent health and gender resources.

Please contact us at with any questions.

General Info

RegionLatin America and Caribbean
Population 29,987,800
GDP per capita (USD) $ 6,795.77
Income per day (USD) $ 18.62
Urban Population78%
Rural Population22%
Average Household Size4


Percentage of population using solid fuels for cooking36%
Number of people affected by HAP10,795,608
Number of households affected by HAP2,798,258
Number of deaths per year from HAP 6,420
Number of child deaths per year from HAP 934
Urban population using solid fuels11.5%
Rural population using solid fuels79.6%
Population using wood for cooking30.0%
Population using dung for cooking4.0%
Population using charcoal for cooking0.0%
Population using coal for cooking3.0%
Population using kerosene for cooking3.0%
Population using gas for cooking56.0%
Population using electricity for cooking2.0%
Population using other fuels for cooking2.0%

Cookstoves by Comparison

Percentage with access to electricity
Percentage with access to improved water85%
Percentage with access to improved sanitation72%
Diarrhea deaths per year2,500
Deaths per year from outdoor air pollution3,200
Deaths per year from malaria100
Deaths per year from tuberculosis5,700
Deaths per year from HIV/AIDS4,000
Annual PM10[mg/m3]*42


Existence and success of businesses/social enterpriseshigh
Infrasturcture strength score3.47
Prevailance of lending institutions79
Number of borrowers2,036,000
Penetration of credit unions4.67%
Ease of doing business score*39
Starting business score60
Getting credit score24
Protecting investors score16
Trading across borders score49


Existence and success of businesses/social enterpriseshigh
Overall womens empowerment indicator* score
Economic participation and opportunity*0.6201
Educational attainment score*0.9796
Health and survival*0.9658
Political empowerment score*0.1926
Percentage of girls in primary school
Literacy rate of women0%

Energy & Environment

Existence and success of businesses/social enterpriseshigh
Environmental problemsdeforestation, air pollution, water pollution, soil erosion
Environmental considerationsbiodiversity hotspot, glaciers, old growth forests, acute fuelwood scarcity
Carbon dioxide emissions1.52