There are multiple factors that determine the health, environmental, economic, and climate impacts from cooking on a country’s inhabitants. While some countries have access to clean cooking technologies and fuels, others are more dependent on the use of solid fuels, rudimentary cookstoves, and open fires for their household cooking needs. The Alliance has gathered information from a number of sources to provide a snapshot of a range of factors including: overview of access to clean cookstoves and fuels, demographic and household data, adoption indicators, economic statistics, and other pertinent health and gender resources.

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General Info

RegionLatin America and Caribbean
Population 3,802,281
GDP per capita (USD) $ 9,534.41
Income per day (USD) $ 26.12
Urban Population76%
Rural Population24%
Average Household Size4


Percentage of population using solid fuels for cooking17%
Number of people affected by HAP646,388
Number of households affected by HAP157,656
Number of deaths per year from HAP 630
Number of child deaths per year from HAP 32
Urban population using solid fuels<5%
Rural population using solid fuels45.7%
Population using wood for cooking17.3%
Population using dung for cooking0.0%
Population using charcoal for cooking0.0%
Population using coal for cooking0.0%
Population using kerosene for cooking0.2%
Population using gas for cooking80.2%
Population using electricity for cooking0.6%
Population using other fuels for cooking1.7%

Cookstoves by Comparison

Percentage with access to electricity
Percentage with access to improved water94%
Percentage with access to improved sanitation71%
Diarrhea deaths per year200
Deaths per year from outdoor air pollution200
Deaths per year from malariano data
Deaths per year from tuberculosis100
Deaths per year from HIV/AIDS800
Annual PM10[mg/m3]*45


Existence and success of businesses/social enterpriseslow
Infrasturcture strength score4.53
Prevailance of lending institutions
Number of borrowers
Penetration of credit unions3.03%
Ease of doing business score*61
Starting business score26
Getting credit score52
Protecting investors score95
Trading across borders score11


Existence and success of businesses/social enterpriseslow
Overall womens empowerment indicator* score
Economic participation and opportunity*0.6925
Educational attainment score*0.9934
Health and survival*0.9753
Political empowerment score*0.1677
Percentage of girls in primary school
Literacy rate of women93%

Energy & Environment

Existence and success of businesses/social enterpriseslow
Environmental problems
Environmental considerations
Carbon dioxide emissions2.40