There are multiple factors that determine the health, environmental, economic, and climate impacts from cooking on a country’s inhabitants. While some countries have access to clean cooking technologies and fuels, others are more dependent on the use of solid fuels, rudimentary cookstoves, and open fires for their household cooking needs. The Alliance has gathered information from a number of sources to provide a snapshot of a range of factors including: overview of access to clean cookstoves and fuels, demographic and household data, adoption indicators, economic statistics, and other pertinent health and gender resources.

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General Info

RegionLatin America and Caribbean
Population 5,991,733
GDP per capita (USD) $ 1,753.64
Income per day (USD) $ 4.80
Urban Population58%
Rural Population42%
Average Household Size4


Percentage of population using solid fuels for cooking54%
Number of people affected by HAP3,235,536
Number of households affected by HAP838,662
Number of deaths per year from HAP 2,373
Number of child deaths per year from HAP 289
Urban population using solid fuels31.4%
Rural population using solid fuels91.8%
Population using wood for cooking56.5%
Population using dung for cooking0.0%
Population using charcoal for cooking0.0%
Population using coal for cooking0.6%
Population using kerosene for cooking0.1%
Population using gas for cooking41.0%
Population using electricity for cooking0.6%
Population using other fuels for cooking1.2%

Cookstoves by Comparison

Percentage with access to electricity
Percentage with access to improved water85%
Percentage with access to improved sanitation52%
Diarrhea deaths per year900
Deaths per year from outdoor air pollution100
Deaths per year from malaria0
Deaths per year from tuberculosis400
Deaths per year from HIV/AIDS200
Annual PM10[mg/m3]*21


Existence and success of businesses/social enterpriseslow
Infrasturcture strength score2.73
Prevailance of lending institutions
Number of borrowers
Penetration of credit unions1.27%
Ease of doing business score*123
Starting business score131
Getting credit score105
Protecting investors score137
Trading across borders score82


Existence and success of businesses/social enterpriseslow
Overall womens empowerment indicator* score
Economic participation and opportunity*0.5915
Educational attainment score*0.9996
Health and survival*0.9758
Political empowerment score*0.3037
Percentage of girls in primary school
Literacy rate of women0%

Energy & Environment

Existence and success of businesses/social enterpriseslow
Environmental problems
Environmental considerations
Carbon dioxide emissions3.70