There are multiple factors that determine the health, environmental, economic, and climate impacts from cooking on a country’s inhabitants. While some countries have access to clean cooking technologies and fuels, others are more dependent on the use of solid fuels, rudimentary cookstoves, and open fires for their household cooking needs. The Alliance has gathered information from a number of sources to provide a snapshot of a range of factors including: overview of access to clean cookstoves and fuels, demographic and household data, adoption indicators, economic statistics, and other pertinent health and gender resources.

Please contact us at with any questions.

General Info

RegionLatin America and Caribbean
Population 120,847,477
GDP per capita (USD) $ 9,748.87
Income per day (USD) $ 26.71
Urban Population78%
Rural Population22%
Average Household Size4


Percentage of population using solid fuels for cooking14%
Number of people affected by HAP16,918,647
Number of households affected by HAP3,845,147
Number of deaths per year from HAP 15,311
Number of child deaths per year from HAP 837
Urban population using solid fuels<5%
Rural population using solid fuels44.6%
Population using wood for cooking13.2%
Population using dung for cooking0.0%
Population using charcoal for cooking0.5%
Population using coal for cooking0.3%
Population using kerosene for cooking0.0%
Population using gas for cooking85.0%
Population using electricity for cooking0.5%
Population using other fuels for cooking0.5%

Cookstoves by Comparison

Percentage with access to electricity
Percentage with access to improved water94%
Percentage with access to improved sanitation85%
Diarrhea deaths per year4,500
Deaths per year from outdoor air pollution9,300
Deaths per year from malariano data
Deaths per year from tuberculosis2,800
Deaths per year from HIV/AIDS4,800
Annual PM10[mg/m3]*30


Existence and success of businesses/social enterpriseshigh
Infrasturcture strength score3.74
Prevailance of lending institutions64
Number of borrowers2,615,000
Penetration of credit unions3.60%
Ease of doing business score*51
Starting business score41
Getting credit score40
Protecting investors score67
Trading across borders score63


Existence and success of businesses/social enterpriseshigh
Overall womens empowerment indicator* score
Economic participation and opportunity*0.5212
Educational attainment score*0.991
Health and survival*0.9796
Political empowerment score*0.139
Percentage of girls in primary school
Literacy rate of women92%

Energy & Environment

Existence and success of businesses/social enterpriseshigh
Environmental problemsurban air pollution (significant), deforestation, widespread soil erosion, water shortages, desertification
Environmental considerationsbiodiversity hotspot, glaciers, fuelwood deficit
Carbon dioxide emissions4.31