There are multiple factors that determine the health, environmental, economic, and climate impacts from cooking on a country’s inhabitants. While some countries have access to clean cooking technologies and fuels, others are more dependent on the use of solid fuels, rudimentary cookstoves, and open fires for their household cooking needs. The Alliance has gathered information from a number of sources to provide a snapshot of a range of factors including: overview of access to clean cookstoves and fuels, demographic and household data, adoption indicators, economic statistics, and other pertinent health and gender resources.

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General Info

RegionLatin America and Caribbean
Population 7,935,846
GDP per capita (USD) $ 2,322.88
Income per day (USD) $ 6.36
Urban Population53%
Rural Population47%
Average Household Size4


Percentage of population using solid fuels for cooking51%
Number of people affected by HAP4,047,281
Number of households affected by HAP1,049,069
Number of deaths per year from HAP 3,665
Number of child deaths per year from HAP 189
Urban population using solid fuels24.4%
Rural population using solid fuels89.1%
Population using wood for cooking52.2%
Population using dung for cooking0.0%
Population using charcoal for cooking0.0%
Population using coal for cooking0.1%
Population using kerosene for cooking5.8%
Population using gas for cooking19.9%
Population using electricity for cooking19.5%
Population using other fuels for cooking2.5%

Cookstoves by Comparison

Percentage with access to electricity
Percentage with access to improved water89%
Percentage with access to improved sanitation81%
Diarrhea deaths per year1,200
Deaths per year from outdoor air pollution600
Deaths per year from malaria0
Deaths per year from tuberculosis800
Deaths per year from HIV/AIDS2,300
Annual PM10[mg/m3]*34


Existence and success of businesses/social enterpriseslow
Infrasturcture strength score3.51
Prevailance of lending institutions
Number of borrowers
Penetration of credit unions12.80%
Ease of doing business score*125
Starting business score158
Getting credit score11
Protecting investors score169
Trading across borders score83


Existence and success of businesses/social enterpriseslow
Overall womens empowerment indicator* score
Economic participation and opportunity*0.5904
Educational attainment score*0.9991
Health and survival*0.9762
Political empowerment score*0.2052
Percentage of girls in primary school
Literacy rate of women85%

Energy & Environment

Existence and success of businesses/social enterpriseslow
Environmental problems
Environmental considerations
Carbon dioxide emissionsno data