There are multiple factors that determine the health, environmental, economic, and climate impacts from cooking on a country’s inhabitants. While some countries have access to clean cooking technologies and fuels, others are more dependent on the use of solid fuels, rudimentary cookstoves, and open fires for their household cooking needs. The Alliance has gathered information from a number of sources to provide a snapshot of a range of factors including: overview of access to clean cookstoves and fuels, demographic and household data, adoption indicators, economic statistics, and other pertinent health and gender resources.

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General Info

RegionLatin America and Caribbean
Population 10,173,775
GDP per capita (USD) $ 770.95
Income per day (USD) $ 2.11
Urban Population55%
Rural Population45%
Average Household Size4


Percentage of population using solid fuels for cooking93%
Number of people affected by HAP9,461,611
Number of households affected by HAP2,452,482
Number of deaths per year from HAP 9,593
Number of child deaths per year from HAP 1,379
Urban population using solid fuels85.6%
Rural population using solid fuels>95%
Population using wood for cooking51.8%
Population using dung for cooking0.0%
Population using charcoal for cooking41.6%
Population using coal for cooking0.3%
Population using kerosene for cooking2.9%
Population using gas for cooking3.1%
Population using electricity for cooking0.0%
Population using other fuels for cooking0.3%

Cookstoves by Comparison

Percentage with access to electricity
Percentage with access to improved water64%
Percentage with access to improved sanitation26%
Diarrhea deaths per year5,700
Deaths per year from outdoor air pollution600
Deaths per year from malaria400
Deaths per year from tuberculosis5,300
Deaths per year from HIV/AIDS8,400
Annual PM10[mg/m3]*35


Existence and success of businesses/social enterpriseshigh
Infrasturcture strength scoreno data
Prevailance of lending institutions19
Number of borrowers134,000
Penetration of credit unions6.25%
Ease of doing business score*177
Starting business score187
Getting credit score162
Protecting investors score169
Trading across borders score151


Existence and success of businesses/social enterpriseshigh
Overall womens empowerment indicator* score
Economic participation and opportunity*no data
Educational attainment score*no data
Health and survival*no data
Political empowerment score*no data
Percentage of girls in primary school
Literacy rate of women0%

Energy & Environment

Existence and success of businesses/social enterpriseshigh
Environmental problemssevere deforestation (charcoal industry), soil erosion, landslides, lack of waste management
Environmental considerationsacute fuelwood scarcity
Carbon dioxide emissions0.25